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What is a dissolved substance?

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Quick Answer

A dissolved substance is a solute that is completely soluble in the solvent, resulting in the formation of a homogeneous solution. The solute can be a solid or a liquid or a gas.

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What is a dissolved substance?
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Full Answer

Polar solvents like water dissolve ionic or polar compounds more easily than the non-polar compounds. Ionic compounds or substances that divide into charged ions when mixed with water tend to dissolve completely in water. The substances constituting ions, which are attracted more towards each other, are less soluble in water. There is a chemical rule that like dissolves like. So, the dissolved substance will have the same properties as that of the solvent. Hence, it is dissolved in the solvent.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are examples of unsaturated solutions?

    A:

    Unsaturated solutions are solutions that contain less solute than the actual amount of solute that the solvent can dissolve. If more solutes can be dissolved in the solution, the solution is still considered unsaturated. Every solute and solvent combination has its limit, and once this limit is reached, the substance is in a state that is called the saturation point.

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  • Q:

    What does "solute" mean in science?

    A:

    A solute is the smaller part of a solution, which in many cases is said to have been dissolved by the solvent. A solution is any mixture that is homogeneous at a molecular level, which means that any given volume of the solution has about the same proportion of type of molecule in the overall solution as the overall solution.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between a solute and a solvent?

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    When discussing solutions, the solute is the substance which dissolves, while the solvent is the substance into which the solute dissolves. Creating a salt water solution involves dissolving salt in water, making salt the solute and water the solvent. However, determining which is the solute or solvent is not always so simple, and some rules exist for determining which substance dissolves in the other.

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  • Q:

    What are miscible liquids?

    A:

    Miscible liquids mix together to form a homogeneous solution without a meniscus forming, according to Reference.com. Immiscible liquids form two separate layers with a curved meniscus and are considered to be unmixable. An example of two immiscible liquids is water and olive oil.

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