DNA and RNA are nucleic acids, which are also considered polymers. Deoxyribonucleic acid is used to create ribonucleic acid that, in turn, contains the primary sequence of amino acids needed to make proteins.Know More
While DNA and RNA are found in different parts of the cell and have different functions, they are always found together due to how they function. Without DNA, there would be no RNA to assist in the production of protein.
The DNA is located in the nucleus of the cell while RNA is found in the cytoplasm even though it is synthesized in the nucleus. Both of these cell components encode genetic information, but of the two, only RNA catalyzes biological reactions. Structurally, both of these polymers are unbranched meaning they are one long line of genetic building blocks. If either one of these polymers fails or were to disappear then life would cease to exist. Without both of these elements there would be no protein created, which is required for life to exist and to produce energy.
Both DNA and RNA are found in all living cells, no matter what species or kingdom they belong. These molecules are considered very large compared to other molecules that can be found in living organisms.Learn more in Biology
The enzyme that separates the two strands of nucleotides in DNA is helicase. Enzymes are protein molecules that speed up chemical reactions.Full Answer >
According to Purdue University, nucleotides are used to construct nucleic acids, including DNA, tRNA, rRNA and mRNA. Nucleic acids are long polymers of nucleotides that store and transfer information and regulate processes within the cells of all life forms on Earth.Full Answer >
Chromatin is made of nucleic acids, such as DNA or RNA, and proteins. During cell division, chromatin condenses to form chromosomes. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells differ in where chromatin is housed. In eukaryotes, it is located in the nucleus and in prokaryotes, it is located in the nucleoid.Full Answer >
Both DNA and RNA are macromolecules that consist of long chains of nucleotides. Both contain the specific nucleotide bases adenine, guanine and cytosine, although the fourth base differs between DNA and RNA. Both molecules are found in the cell's nucleus, but RNA may also be found in the cytoplasm.Full Answer >