While no one knows for certain how the Earth formed, scientists theorize that it formed over 4 million years ago after the sun went through its initial formation, gravity began to draw heavy particles together into a planet and solar winds blew away lighter gases. These heavy particles became the core of the planet. As the mass continued to grow, heavier particles sank to the center, according to Space.com.Know More
As the Earth was forming, an object from space struck the new planet, causing particles to fly into space. Gravity pulled the particles together to form the moon. The remains of the object joined with the Earth to increase its overall size. Subduction in the Earth's mantle caused the formation of tectonic plates. These same forces caused the plates to divide and form the continents.
Earth's first atmosphere was blown away by solar winds. A second atmosphere formed from outgassing of the elements that formed the core. This second atmosphere included water vapor, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and other gases. The cooling cycle resulted in the formation of rain, leading to the development of oceans. This atmosphere was also instrumental in the development of life on the planet, according to Wikipedia. As life developed, the atmosphere changed again, due to the release of oxygen through photosynthesis.Learn more about Earth Science
According to astrobiologist Jack O'Malley-James of the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, the sun will grow large enough to extinguish all life on Earth in roughly 2.8 billion years. The planet's non-microbial life will become extinct in 800 million to 1.3 billion years.Full Answer >
The sun is important to Earth because it helps regulate the climate, is the main source of energy for producers in the ecosystems and it keeps the oceans from freezing, along with providing light. If just one of these factors changed dramatically, it would impact all life on Earth. Without the sun, the planet's oceans would freeze, temperatures would drop and all life would die off without light or food.Full Answer >
Astronomers theorize that over 4.5 billion years ago, Theia, an object about the size of Mars, collided with Earth to create a tilted axis. This is called "the giant impact theory." Prior to this event, the axis was straight at 180 degrees.Full Answer >
Seasons occur on Earth because the planet is tilted on its axis at just over 23 degrees. Both the Southern Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere are tilted closer to the sun as the planet completes a full orbit.Full Answer >