According to the U.S. Geological Society, the area in the Earth's crust where an earthquake forms is called the hypocenter. Unpredictable in nature, earthquakes form when energy from the crust is released, causing vibrations on the surface of the earth. The magnitude of earthquakes can vary exponentially, and the stronger the magnitude, the more devastating the effects, especially on areas that are near the epicenter.Know More
The earth's crust is made up of several plates that are constantly moving. These movements are relatively slow, but they may cause earthquakes. Large earthquakes occur when the plates collide or slide past each other. The release of energy can be powerful enough to trigger an earthquake.
The boundaries where the two plates meet is often the focal point of the earthquake. However, sometimes it can spread across several other areas. Earthquakes are often located on faults. Faults are the result of fractures in the Earth's crust when the plates move.
Whenever an earthquake strikes, the major quake is sometimes preceded by foreshocks and followed by aftershocks. Foreshocks will often multiply in magnitude right before the quake; aftershocks are the opposite, and will decrease in magnitude once the quake is over. Strong earthquakes can cause avalanches and tsunamis. The magnitude of an earthquake is usually measured by a Richter scale. The Richter scale measures the amount of energy released during the earthquake.Learn more in Earthquakes
While earthquakes can occur almost anywhere, they are most common around the edges of the great tectonic plates of the Earth's crust. The plates are always in motion, and the edges tend to rub up against one another, building up the energy that results in an earthquake.Full Answer >
The BBC explains that, in addition to a significant human death toll, earthquakes destroy the environment in the surrounding area by causing fires, tsunamis and landslides. While these events have relatively short-term environmental impacts, there are also longer-reaching consequences of an earthquake on the surrounding area.Full Answer >
The energy released by fault movement is formed from the motion of the tectonic plates that make up the Earth's crust. As the plates move, they rub against each other and become stuck, where energy is stored until they slip apart and cause an earthquake.Full Answer >
Earthquakes are the result of two of the Earth's crustal plates slipping past each other, otherwise known as plate tectonics. The vibrations caused by this sudden movement reverberate through the surrounding rock structures, and they are felt as tremors. Earthquakes are most common among the geologically active regions at the borders between plates of the Earth's crust, also known as fault zones.Full Answer >