While no living animal subsists on a diet of entire trees, many different animals eat individual portions of trees. For example, animals such as deer, elephants and giraffes consume a large quantity of leaves and fruit, but little else. By contrast, termites are one of the few animals in the world that are capable of digesting the woody part of trees, known as the xylem.Know More
In addition to large mammals, many arboreal mammals consume the leaves, fruit and flowers of trees. While few birds consume leaves, a great many birds eat the fruit and seeds that come from trees, including blue jays, sparrows and cardinals. Many birds, particularly woodpeckers, also eat the insects and invertebrates that live within the wood of trees. Insects also eat a great number of tree leaves. Insects such as locusts, grasshoppers or leaf hoppers can quickly strip a tree of all of its leaves. Additionally, many caterpillars subsist on the leaves of fruit trees.
Termites eat xylem, but they typically do not eat living tissue. Because they are one of the few animals capable of extracting the energy found within xylem tissue, termites are a very important component of all ecosystems. Without termites, ecosystems would fill up with too many dead trees.Learn more about Botany
There are a few species of fish that ravenously eat hydra including Blue Gouramis, Mollies and Paradise fish. Pond snails also feed on hydra when they are placed in the aquarium environment.Full Answer >
Certain groups of organisms known as fungivores feed almost entirely on fungi, while other groups known as omnivores consume it in addition to other types of food. Many different types of animals, including mammals, molluscs, insects and birds feed on fungi.Full Answer >
Leaves fall from trees because the tree begins to prepare itself for the winter season. Trees seal the spots where the leaves are attached, cutting off water to the leaves. The leaves then change color and fall from the tree.Full Answer >
Jacaranda trees are tropical and subtropical flowering trees in the Bignoniaceae family, native to South America, Central America, the Bahamas, Cuba and Hispaniola. They are very large when mature and produce clusters of purple, trumpet-shaped flowers that grow as large as 12 inches. The fine-leafed foliage of the tree provides shade. In tropical areas, such as Hawaii, these trees are invasive and tend to crowd out native plants.Full Answer >