The effects of poor environmental sanitation are numerous and they include human disease, poor overall human health and economic disadvantages as well as social disadvantages. Chadwick published a report in 1842 that was the first to detail that a lack of sanitation would lead to disease for humans.Know More
The diseases that are associated with poor sanitation are correlated with poverty and infancy disease. Together, the diseases caused by or associated with poor sanitation make up approximately 10 percent of global disease. In fact, in 2007, the readers of the British Medical Journal voted sanitation as the most important medical milestone since 1840.
Today, more than half of the populations in Africa, Asia and Latin America have a disease that is contracted, caused by or associated with poor sanitation due to poor hygiene practices and the inadequate water sources that come with poor sanitation. In 2010, 2.6 billion people around the world did not have the means to access proper sanitation methods. Sanitation is the common term used to describe the safe disposal of human excreta. Governments have typically built the sanitation infrastructure enjoyed by populations but, in many countries, this has not been done and organizations as well as sanitation professionals are working to help people get better sanitation.Learn more about Human Impact
The World Wildlife Fund lists reduced biodiversity, increased greenhouse gas emissions, disruptions in the water cycle and increased erosion as the primary effects of deforestation. Millions of people directly rely on forests for subsistence and the loss of forests poses a risk to their lifestyles. Deforestation occurs when tracts of forest are logged and burned for timber or to alter the land for agricultural or infrastructure purposes.Full Answer >
Poaching may create negative side effects to human and animal habitats, the environment and communities. Furthermore, poaching may contribute to regional and even national and international political and legal instability and can increase the numbers of threatened and endangered species worldwide.Full Answer >
Building dams offers the positive results of inexpensive energy, increased recreation opportunity and flood control. However, these results are not without negative impacts, as dams interfere with the ecological system and eliminate the benefits of flooding on farmlands downstream.Full Answer >
Increased demand for timber, paper and forest products; flaws in forest governance and forest markets; forestry policy failure; corruption; and poverty are some of the causes of illegal logging. While trade-in timber is of economic importance, many timber consumers such as the European Union, have no legal way of stopping the import of illegally sourced forest products.Full Answer >