Q:

What is an electrically charged atom called?

A:

Quick Answer

An electrically charged atom is called an ion. Ions are formed when an atom either loses or gains an electron. Atoms tend to move toward a more stable electron configuration, which happens when an atom possesses an outer energy level filled with electrons.

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Full Answer

The most stable electron arrangement is to have eight electrons in the outermost energy level. This concept is called the octet rule. To achieve this configuration, atoms lose, gain or share electrons. Atoms that have few electrons in their outermost energy levels usually lose these electrons to other atoms to become positively charged ions, or cations. Those atoms that have six or more electrons in their outer energy levels tend to gain more electrons to become more stable. These atoms become negative ions, or cations.

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Related Questions

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    What is a phosphide ion?

    A:

    A phosphide ion is an negatively charged potassium atom that has three additional electrons in its outermost shell. Phosphide ions are nonmetallic and can chemically react with a variety of metallic elements to form ionic compounds.

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  • Q:

    What is an enolate ion?

    A:

    An enolate ion is a negative ion which is obtained by removing the hydrogen atom from ketone. Enolate ions can take two forms: one with a negative charge on the carbon atom and one having negative charge on the oxygen atom. Enolate ion consists of three atoms. The charge is distributed on the three atoms, which is how the enolate ion remains stable.

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    What is a hydrogen ion?

    A:

    A hydrogen ion refers to the nucleus of a hydrogen ion isolated from its electron. The term is also commonly used to refer to the hydrogen ion in water solutions.

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  • Q:

    What is a chlorite ion?

    A:

    A chlorite ion consists of one chlorine atom covalently bonded to two oxygen atoms. Chlorite ions are also known as chlorine dioxide ions or dioxidochlorate.

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