Also known as sucrose, sugar is made up of 22 hydrogen atoms, 11 oxygen atoms and 12 carbon atoms in each molecule. Sucrose is made up of two simple sugars, fructose and glucose. Sugar is a carbohydrate that has 45 atoms.
Under a microscope, a molecule of sugar looks like a cube. When cooking, acid is added to the sugar to break the cube apart. The acid breaks the sucrose down into fructose and glucose.
Sugar exists in most plants. However, it is harvested primarily from sugarcane. Sugarcane is harvested all around the world with Brazil as the world's largest producer of sugar.Learn More
Flour is made from various types of grains or nuts that are ground into powder form. The type of the grain that is used determines the type of flour. A commonly used type of flour is all-purpose flour. As its name implies, it is an ingredient that can be successfully used in many different food preparations.Full Answer >
Pulled sugar can be made by heating sugar, water, corn syrup and cream of tartar together, bringing to a boil and washing down the sides of the pan with a wet pastry brush and repeating this skimming/washing process three to four times. If colored pulled sugar is desired, food coloring can be added at 280 F.Full Answer >
A 1 N HCl solution is prepared by diluting 1 gram equivalent (36.5g) to create 1 liter of solution. HCl is a strong acid, which dissolves readily in water, so the resulting solution is also 1 N for H+ ions and 1 N for Cl- ions, according to About.com.Full Answer >
One formula unit of sodium chloride contains an ionic bond. The sodium loses an electron to become positively charged, the chlorine atom accepts the electron to become negatively charged, and the two oppositely charged ions attract each other. This electrostatic force of attraction is called an ionic bond.Full Answer >