Q:

How are elements named?

A:

Quick Answer

Elements are named when a suggested name is approved by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). Most countries use the element name adopted by IUPAC. Names can come from many areas, including science, mythology, geography and chemical properties.

Know More
How are elements named?
Credit: Paolo Trabattoni CC-BY-2.0

Full Answer

The origins of the names of elements are diverse. Several elements have kept their ancient names, such as copper, gold and silver. Some are named after colors, such as indium, which takes its name for the Latin word for "indigo." Elements such as uranium and neptunium were named for planets, while francium and germanium were named for countries. Scientists have had elements named after them. For example, curium was named for Marie and Pierre Curie.

Learn more about Earth Science

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the scientific name for water?

    A:

    The scientific name for water is either water or oxidane, according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Water may also be referred to as H2O or HOH, based on its composition of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How are acids named?

    A:

    Acids are named according to the guidelines provided by the standardized scientific body known as the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemists, or IUPAC. The general basis for naming various acidic compounds is the corresponding anion comprising these chemical substances.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How many elements are manmade?

    A:

    On the periodic tables, there are 26 manmade elements that have atomic numbers from 93 to 118. These elements are called transuranic elements because their atomic numbers are higher than 92, which is the atomic number of uranium. Some of these manmade elements are neptunium, nobelium, fermium, lawrencium, curium and plutonium.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Which elements make up the air we breathe?

    A:

    Air is made up of oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide. It consists of approximately 78 percent nitrogen, 20 percent oxygen and trace amounts of carbon dioxide.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore