Q:

What is the end result of mitosis?

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Quick Answer

The end result of mitosis is two identical daughter cells. These daughter cells are also identical to the parent cell. Mitosis is essential for growth and repair in living organisms.

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Mitosis occurs in four phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. During prophase, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope breaks down. Spindles form at the parent cell's opposite poles. In metaphase, the chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate. This helps ensure each daughter cell gets a full set of chromosomes. During anaphase, the chromosomes pair up to form sister chromatids, which move to opposite ends of the cell. Finally, the chromosomes form new nuclei for the daughter cells during telophase.

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    What is the purpose of DNA replication?

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    DNA replicates in order for cells to divide, withy a parent cell divides giving each daughter cell the full DNA string in each nucleus. Without cell division, an organism cannot grow into a plant, a human or an animal. DNA replication allows all cells to contain the full genetic code for the body.

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    What is DNA polymerase II?

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    DNA polymerase II is a type of DNA polymerase: a category of enzymes that synthesize identical copies of existing DNA, allowing dividing cells to pass this genetic information on to their daughter cells. DNA polymerase II is found only in prokaryotes, or unicellular organisms, such as archaea, and simple bacteria that lack membrane-bound nuclei and organelles.

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    Why do humans need mitosis?

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    Humans and other multicellular organisms need mitosis to regenerate cells for both growth and repair. Mitosis is the process of cell division. Along with meiosis, it is one of the key parts to the creation of offspring, wound healing and growth in adolescent children.

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    What are the differences between mitosis and meiosis?

    A:

    The two main differences in mitosis and meiosis are that meiosis involves only one cell division, not two, and meiosis results in the production of germ cells or cells that produce gametes. In mitosis, one round yields two genetically identical cells.

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