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What is the energy associated with motion called?

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Quick Answer

The energy associated with motion is called kinetic energy. All energy comes in two basic forms: potential energy, meaning stored energy, and kinetic energy, meaning the energy of movements.

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The kinetic energy of an object is the energy that an object possesses due to its motion. In other words, the work needed to move or accelerate an object from a state of rest to its stated velocity is kinetic energy. All moving objects have kinetic energy. The word kinetic has its roots in the Greek word "kinesis," which means motion.

Kinetic energy can further be subdivided into four different categories: mechanical energy, thermal energy, electrical energy and electromagnetic radiation. The motions of people, objects and planets, the vibrations of atoms by sound waves, and the movement of electrons in electricity are a few examples of kinetic energy.

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