Environmental pollution is the undesired spread of toxic chemicals into the aquatic and terrestrial habitats of the world. There are many different types of pollution, usually named for the location that has become polluted. For example, if oil is dumped into a local creek, it is said to be an example of water pollution.
Water, air and land pollution are three of the most common types of pollution. However, pollution often affects multiple systems. For example, if chemicals are burned in a factory, and the smoke rising out of the chimneys carries pollutants, the air becomes polluted. However, rain may cause some of this pollution to fall down to the land. Eventually, most of the pollution that strikes the ground will make its way to the water, where it will cause water pollution.
Pollution can cause hardships for plants, animals and other organisms. Some organisms may eventually become endangered or extinct because of water, land or air pollution. Some environmentalists consider excess ambient light and sound to be forms of pollution as well. Light pollution can alter the behavior of wildlife and disrupt the circadian cycles of plants. Sound pollution in the ocean may be a cause of whale standings.Learn More
Water pollution can occur directly, when contaminated runoff enters lakes and streams, and through atmospheric pollution that results in acid rain. Water that has been polluted may be unsafe for human use or consumption and may damage entire ecosystems.Full Answer >
Some ways to prevent pollution include driving less, using environmentally friendly household products and recycling. Individuals can also prevent pollution through small changes in lifestyle and consumer choices.Full Answer >
People can stop water pollution by throwing litter into proper trash bins, helping clean up garbage in rivers and lakes and on beaches, not throwing litter down the drain and using eco-friendly cleaning liquids. Moreover, it helps to use water wisely to avoid water shortages and reduce the amount of contaminated water that requires treatment. It is also important to dispose of toxic household chemicals properly.Full Answer >
Water pollution can stunt, sicken, kill or sterilize aquatic animals and plants. Water pollution affects plants and animals in a variety of ways, depending on the nature of the pollutant in question. Because most pollution eventually makes its way to the world’s waters, it is a difficult type of pollution to prevent.Full Answer >