Areas lying near or at the equator have a tropical rain forest climate, or equatorial climate. This type of climate is characterized by warm, moist air; heavy rainfalls year-round; and an average temperature of 77 F.
Tropical rain forests receive an average of 4 inches of rain every month. Because the air in these areas is so humid, at least 50 percent of the rainfall received is formed in the area rather than travels to the area from somewhere else. After the rain falls, it is heated by the sun and turned into vapor which is pulled back up into the air, creating more rain. Equatorial climates have a large number of trees with wide leaves and branches. This canopy of trees keeps a large amount of the rainfall the area receives from ever reaching the ground. The water primarily stays in the trees. Because of the location at or near the equator, the temperature rarely drops below 64 F. The closer to the equator an area is, the more solar radiation it is exposed to which creates warmer temperatures. Because equatorial areas don't experience much movement closer or further away from the sun, the climate does not experience a seasonal change throughout the year like other areas do.Learn More
Condensation and frost on the inside of windows occur when warm, humid air inside comes in contact with a pane of glass chilled by the outside air, according to the American Society of Home Inspectors. This reduces the temperature of the air in contact with the glass, forcing condensation of moisture. If the outside temperature is cold enough, this moisture can freeze on the glass and create interior frost.Full Answer >
A spring tide is the tide which occurs at the time of full moon and new moon. The difference between the highest and the lowest rise of tides is highly pronounced during spring tide, and hence it can be easily distinguished.Full Answer >
When cold air meets warm air, frontal wedging occurs. In frontal wedging, cold air forces warm air upward; the warm air then forms clouds, resulting in rain.Full Answer >
Waves are caused by wind blowing on the ocean surface. Stronger winds cause larger waves. Variations in wind speed and duration determine the size and frequency of waves. The horizontal length of the wave is established by the horizontal distance between its two crests and the vertical length is established by the vertical distance between the crests. Large waves can also be created by undersea seismic activity.Full Answer >