Soil erosion has different effects depending on the type of erosion. Water erosion leeches nutrients from the soil and lowers water quality. Wind erosion lowers air quality and damages plants.Know More
Water erosion is more commonly seen than wind erosion. Water erosion directly affects the immediate area surrounding the eroded location and passively affects areas where the water flows. In the immediate area, soil loses its nutrients and minerals, which harms plants growing from the soil since they are unable to get the food they need to survive. Erosion also damages the structure and stability of the soil, which leads to much more damaging effects, such as trees falling, rock slides and landslides. These negative effects can be seen in a short span of time, such as after a bout of heavy rain.
Wind erosion is also dangerous, but is overlooked and generally more subtle in most areas. Wind erosion picks up small bits of sediment that hit any obstacles in its path. This means that plants and crops are in danger from this type of erosion. The wind picks up loose particles, which damage the structure and stability similarly to water erosion, making it easier for later wind to pick up more particulates. These particles damage plants and, in extreme cases, can bury small plants completely. The particles in the air are also damaging to humans and animals.Learn more about Erosion & Weathering
Erosion is a natural process in which rocks or soil are moved from one location to another by wind or water. Material may move through erosion for distances ranging from a few feet to thousands of miles. Erosion often is most noticeable along shorelines, but it occurs in a variety of areas throughout the world.Full Answer >
Wind erosion happens when pieces of the Earth are worn away by strong winds over time, and water erosion happens when moving water such as ocean waves wear away rock instead of seeping into the ground. Water is a more powerful erosion force than wind.Full Answer >
Riverbank erosion is the deterioration of the banks of a river or stream. It occurs when the top soil that encloses a river or stream washes away. Riverbank erosion is a natural occurrence that allows rivers to flow on a proper course. However, when accelerated because of unnatural causes, the water system is susceptible to a disproportionate sediment supply, stream channel instability and habitat loss, according to the EPA.Full Answer >
Plantings, wood-fiber mats, mulch and retaining walls are all methods of soil erosion prevention. Erosion control is vital for maintaining topsoil that provides plants with important nutrients.Full Answer >