Q:

What is erythematous mucosa of the stomach?

A:

Quick Answer

Erythematous mucosa of the stomach is a red, irritated lining within the stomach. This condition is generally seen when a patient has a diagnosis of gastritis, and the inflamed stomach lining is seen during an endoscopic evaluation. Biopsies may or may not be taken during endoscopy to evaluate and diagnosis the cause of the erythema.

Know More
What is erythematous mucosa of the stomach?
Credit: BSIP Universal Images Group Getty Images

Full Answer

There are several causes of gastritis of the stomach, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, bile reflux, alcohol and bacterial infections such as Helicobacter pylori. Certain diseases may cause erythematous changes within the stomach, including sarcoidosis and even allergies. Radiation treatments may also be a cause for erythema of the stomach lining.

An individual may or may not have symptoms of gastritis. Some symptoms may be mild, such as slight abdominal discomfort after eating or heartburn, while other symptoms are more serious. Weight loss, vomiting and hematemesis can all be symptoms of gastritis.

Acute gastritis is generally a short-lived inflammatory process. Chronic gastritis, however, may lead to chronic changes within the gastric mucosa, causing muscle atrophy and even cellular changes that lead to stomach cancer.

It is believed that stomach cancer is formed in stages, beginning usually with an H. pylori infection and progressing through chronic gastritis, atrophy, metaplasia and finally dysplasia, or the development of cancer cells.

Learn more about Human Anatomy

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why does your stomach growl?

    A:

    Stomachs growl due to a process called peristalsis. Peristalsis is the means by which a person's digestive system moves food down from the stomach and through the intestines while it mixes solid food with digestive liquids.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why does my stomach stick out?

    A:

    The stomach sticks out following the accumulation of visceral fat (intra-abdominal fat), which is located within the peritoneal cavity. It is packed between the torso and internal organs, according to Princeton University.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the capacity of a human stomach?

    A:

    According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), the human stomach is an elastic organ that can expand to hold from 0.25 to 1.7 L of contents without causing any discomfort. The average human stomach has a capacity of roughly 1 L, or a little more than a quart.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the main function of the stomach?

    A:

    The main function of the stomach is to chemically and mechanically break down food. It accomplishes this by secreting stomach acid and enzymes to digest food and churning the food by the periodic contraction of the stomach muscles.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore