Evergreen trees are most prevalent in the northerly latitudes of the northern hemisphere, where they are the primary components of the taiga, or boreal, forest and montane forest biomes. Evergreen trees are also found in the southern hemisphere and in pockets centered around the equator. In warmer climates, evergreen species can be dominant elements of tropical and temperate rain forests.Know More
The evergreen forests in the northern hemisphere are overwhelmingly made up of coniferous species, including firs, pines, junipers and spruces. These types of species thrive in environments where summers are short and winters are long and harsh. Conifers don't have leaves, instead, they have waxy, tough needles or scale-like foliage.
In tropical and temperate rain forests, evergreen tree species aren't limited to just conifers. Warm temperatures and ample rainfall, as well as little or no winter season at all, allow other types of species to keep their leaves throughout the year. Angiosperm species located in habitats that experience winter are deciduous, dropping their leaves and going into dormancy to protect themselves from the harmful effects of freezing. Angiosperms in tropical and temperate rain forests, including palms, figs and eucalyptus, don't have these seasonal constraints and keep their leaves all year. Evergreen gymnosperms, such as cycads, are also commonplace in rain forests.Learn more about Botany
Birch trees typically grow in lowland areas in the northern hemisphere, a few species grow at higher elevations. Birch trees like slightly acidic, well-drained soil. They are often one of the first trees to grow after a fire.Full Answer >
Evergreen forests have long, cold winters lasting six months or longer. The summers are rainy and have moderate temperatures ranging from 20 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Summer and winter lead into each other, with little opportunity for milder spring and fall temperatures.Full Answer >
The primary producers of the temperate rain forest are the plants that use chlorophyll to create food for their growth and also for animals, explains World Builders. Green mosses and small plants cover the ground layer of a rain forest.Full Answer >
Temperate deciduous forests are forests that are dominated by trees that lose their leaves each year. These types of forest are found in areas with warm, moist summers and fairly mild winters.Full Answer >