One example of cell specialization is the role of the white blood cell in immune function. Cell specialization occurs when a cell contains certain organelles or structures that allow it to perform a specific set of functions in an organism.Know More
Other types of cells that have specialized functions include nerve cells and fat cells. The function of nerve cells is to transport information to and from the brain and spinal cord in relation to sensory and other experiences related to the central nervous system. Nerve cells may also be referred to as neurons. Fat cells assist in cushioning the body and serve as a reservoir for energy.
When several specialized cells are grouped together for a specific function, they make up tissues. Those tissues are further synthesized to form organs. Specialized cells have unique structures to assist them in their functions. However, all cells have some organelles that are common to the function of a living cell.
Specialized cells provide an advantage to the organism. They allow a division of labor of activities within the body. Because some cells are able to perform some functions, there is an increased efficiency in metabolism and other activities necessary for the organism to survive.Learn more about Cells
One way to explain how the different organelles in a cell operate is to think of the cell as a miniature society. Within its walls are factories, power plants, a leader, a packaging plant, a central gathering place and recycling stations. All work together to sustain the community.Full Answer >
The scientific name for a white blood cell is leukocyte. They are also sometimes referred to as immune cells, since white blood cells are the most important part of a human's immune system.Full Answer >
Lowering white blood cell counts is best accomplished by treating the underlying cause. Quitting smoking and reducing stress levels may lower white blood cell count, according to MedlinePlus. Controlling inflammatory diseases, such as allergies or rheumatoid arthritis, and treating infections can also decrease the number of white blood cells.Full Answer >
Mitochondria generate the energy that a cell needs to function properly. They are often described as the powerhouse of the cell. They are also involved in signaling, cellular differentiation, cell death, maintenance of cell growth and control of the cell cycle.Full Answer >