One common interaction between biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem is photosynthesis. Sunlight is abiotic (solely energy), and it fuels the synthesis of sugars and proteins inside plant cells once it is taken up by plant leaves.Know More
A square meter of land on Earth can receive a maximum of just over 1 kilowatt of sunlight. This energy is available to plants for uptake through its green tissues, primarily leaves. Once absorbed, the sun's energy is used by special organelles, called chloroplasts, to synthesize organic molecules with high potential energy. These molecules are then transported throughout the plant's tissues and used to drive the production of the plant's tissues. In the process, the plant excretes oxygen, which is also an abiotic input that can be taken up by animals for their own use.
Photosynthesis requires more than just sunlight. Another abiotic component of plants' metabolism is carbon dioxide, which is taken up by plants through small openings in their leaves called stoma. Water is also an important abiotic component of photosynthesis. Water is used by chloroplasts as a solvent and as an ingredient in the construction of sugars. Once synthesized, these sugars are available for use by the rest of the ecosystem via consumption by herbivores.Learn more in Biology
The nitrogen cycle works by driving the circulation of nitrogen through biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem. The cycle begins and ends with molecular nitrogen floating freely as a major component of the Earth's atmosphere.Full Answer >
An ecosystem is made up of biotic and abiotic components which include plants, animals and the environment in which they are found. The living or biotic components are made up of producers, consumers and decomposers. Some of the non-living or abiotic components include sunlight, temperature, water and soil.Full Answer >
Biotic factors are living things, such as plants and animals, that affect or influence their ecosystems and the lives of other living things in the environment. The biotic factors in an organism's environment include both the prey that the organism consumes and the predators that consume the organism.Full Answer >
Phenotype is an organism's observable properties that are the result of the interaction of the organism's genotype and the environment. Observable properties include things such as eye color, height and hair color.Full Answer >