One example of a mineral composed of a single element is gold. Other single-element minerals include silver, diamonds, and copper.Know More
Gold has an atomic number of 79 and an atomic weight of 196.97. It is classified as a metal, and its chemical symbol, Au, comes from the Latin word for gold — aurum.
Of all metals, gold is the most ductile and malleable. It is usually combined with other metals such as silver to increase its strength. Gold alloys are used to make objects including jewelry or coins. Because gold is a good conductor of electricity and heat, it is often used to make electrical connectors.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The element antimony, with the chemical symbol Sb, was originally called stibium by Pliny, an ancient Roman author who is believed to have produced it by heating one of its compounds, the mineral stibnite. Antimony and its compounds, stibine and stibnite, are extremely toxic.Full Answer >
Aluminum, or aluminium, was named after alum, a mineral known and used since antiquity. In 1761, French chemist Louis-Bernard Gutyon de Morveau proposed the name "alumine" for the base chemical of alum, even though it had yet to be isolated.Full Answer >
Ore of copper is a copper-bearing mineral from which pure copper can be extracted. Sulphide ores, in which copper is chemically bonded with sulphur, are the source of roughly 80 percent of all of the world's extracted copper.Full Answer >
Magnesium oxide is a mineral typically taken to aid in digestive health. Magnesium deficiency can lead to muscle contractions and cramps, abnormal heart rhythms, and coronary spasms.Full Answer >