Some common examples of acids are hydrosulfuric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, hydroiodic and hydrofluoric acid, while some common bases are calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. The acidity or basicity of a substance is measured on the pH scale. Acids increase the concentration of hydronium ions when dissolved in water, whereas bases decrease it.Know More
Hydrochloric acid is represented by the chemical formula HCl, and it is used industrially in the production of PVC plastics, gelatin, cleaning products and polyurethanes among other uses. Hydrochloric acid is known as a monoprotic acid because it loses one hydrogen ion when it is dissolved in water. It is one of seven strong acids. The base sodium hydroxide is more commonly known as lye. It is used in the manufacture of products such as soap, paper and detergent. Sodium hydroxide is represented by the chemical formula NaOH. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide react together to produce sodium chloride and water. Hydrosulfuric acid is produced when hydrogen sulfide is dissolved in water, and it is an organic acid. The chemical formula for the base calcium hydroxide is Ca(OH)2.
Base types include Brønsted bases, Lewis bases, organic bases, strong bases, superbases and non-nucleophilic weak bases. Acid types include Brønsted acids, Lewis acids, mineral acids, organic acids, strong acids, superacids and weak acids.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Vinegar is a solution of acetic acid, which is a weak acid, and can be neutralized by adding a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide. In such a neutralization reaction, the pH of the resulting solution is greater than 7, unlike in strong acid and strong base reactions where the pH is close to 7. Acetic acid cannot be completely neutralized by a weak base, such as ammonia.Full Answer >
The chemical equation for soap is a fat, such as stearol, plus a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. This produces glycerol and crude soap, which consists of sodium or potassium salts of fatty acids. The reaction that occurs in making soap is called saponification.Full Answer >
Electrolysis has a wide range of applications including production of hydrogen, manufacture of heavy water and synthesis of compounds such as potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide. It is also used to obtain such metals as sodium, magnesium, potassium and aluminum. Electrolysis is used to manufacture fluorine and chlorine.Full Answer >
To effectively carry out their role of removing rough and dry cuticles from nails, cuticle removers consist of two main ingredients, potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide. These alkaline ingredients are caustic and work by dissolving the dead skin around the nail to allow for easy removal of cuticles.Full Answer >