Common household substances that are acidic include coffee, battery acid, vinegar and lemon juice, while common household substances that are basic include drain cleaner, bleach, soap, ammonia, milk of magnesia and baking soda. An acid is a substance that has a pH value of less than seven, while a base is a substance that has a pH value of greater than seven.Know More
Other household substances that are acidic include soda (carbonic acid), fruit (ascorbic acid), citrus (citric acid), tea, wine (tannic acid) and grapes (tartaric acid). Both fresh milk and sour milk contain lactic acid, which gives the substances a low pH value. Likewise, eggs, borax and distilled water are bases with pH values over seven. Substances that are soluble bases are referred to as alkali.
According to the BBC, many vinegars contain ethanoic or acetic acid. Common household substances that are basic contain sodium hydroxide and copper oxide. Cleaners contain basic substances so that they can react with oil and fat to clean items. Toothpaste and antacid tablets contain weak bases in their ingredients.
The pH levels of household items can be tested with a litmus indicator. Acidic substances do not change red litmus paper, while a basic substance turns the litmus paper blue.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Inhaling Clorox bleach is dangerous and can lead to poisoning, especially if mixed with ammonia. Symptoms caused by inhaling fumes from Clorox bleach include coughing, gagging, delirium, and burns in the airway and lungs. If a person inhales Clorox bleach fumes, he must immediately be moved to fresh air.Full Answer >
Bronsted-Lowry acids are defined as acids that serve as donors for hydrogen protons. Alternately, any base that receives hydrogen protons is called a Bronsted-Lowry base.Full Answer >
The products formed when acids react with carbonates are a form of salt, carbon dioxide and water. In general, many alkali and alkaline earth metal carbonates will react with acids to create these products.Full Answer >
According to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, acids and bases are corrosive and capable of destroying body tissue. When they come into contact with tissues, concentrated forms of acids cause immediate pain. High concentrations of hydrofluoric acid also result in immediate pain and tissue destruction.Full Answer >