Common household substances that are acidic include coffee, battery acid, vinegar and lemon juice, while common household substances that are basic include drain cleaner, bleach, soap, ammonia, milk of magnesia and baking soda. An acid is a substance that has a pH value of less than seven, while a base is a substance that has a pH value of greater than seven.Know More
Other household substances that are acidic include soda (carbonic acid), fruit (ascorbic acid), citrus (citric acid), tea, wine (tannic acid) and grapes (tartaric acid). Both fresh milk and sour milk contain lactic acid, which gives the substances a low pH value. Likewise, eggs, borax and distilled water are bases with pH values over seven. Substances that are soluble bases are referred to as alkali.
According to the BBC, many vinegars contain ethanoic or acetic acid. Common household substances that are basic contain sodium hydroxide and copper oxide. Cleaners contain basic substances so that they can react with oil and fat to clean items. Toothpaste and antacid tablets contain weak bases in their ingredients.
The pH levels of household items can be tested with a litmus indicator. Acidic substances do not change red litmus paper, while a basic substance turns the litmus paper blue.Learn more about Acids & Bases
NH3, also known as ammonia, is a weak base. It is basic because the molecule reacts with water to form negatively charged ions of OH. Strong bases completely dissociate in reaction to water, but NH3 retains its original form.Full Answer >
The two functional groups always found in amino acids are carboxyl and amino groups. Both groups are acidic. A peptide bond occurs when the carboxyl group of one amino acid joins the amino end of another.Full Answer >
The products formed when acids react with carbonates are a form of salt, carbon dioxide and water. In general, many alkali and alkaline earth metal carbonates will react with acids to create these products.Full Answer >
Acids and bases differ in that acids release free hydrogen ions when they are dissolved in water. Bases accept those hydrogen ions and form acid salts.Full Answer >