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What are examples of biotechnology?

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Quick Answer

Some examples of biotechnology include human gene therapy, genetically modifying plants and changing the genes of bacteria. Biotechnology helps improve crops so they produce more, healthier produce. It also helps fight human diseases.

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Full Answer

Biotechnology is generally involved in changing the genes of a an organism to get the desired result. It affects the most people through genetically modified crops. Genetic modification of crops started thousands of years ago through selective breeding for preferred traits, but with the advances in technology in the modern day, scientists are able to directly manipulate genes. These plants produce higher quality food at a higher rate, and are often resistant to pests and diseases, which helps feed larger amounts of people for a lower price on less land.

Biotechnology more directly helps humans with gene therapy and the modification of bacteria to produce insulin for patients with diabetes. Gene therapy can help reduce or remove the effects of a disease, such as cancer or AIDS, but is still mostly in research and development. This type of therapy is still promising and has had good results in testing phases. Modified bacteria cells that produce insulin as they age helps treat and control the effects of diabetes in humans over time.

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    Why is biotechnology important?

    A:

    Biotechnology is important because it may provide the solutions to many major global issues, including world hunger, global warming and pollution, states the Global Agenda Council on Biotechnology. It also provides exciting advances in the medical field, from improving vaccine production to tissue engineering from bio materials.

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    What is biotechnology used for?

    A:

    Biotechnology is a branch of science that seeks to improve human life by utilizing and improving upon biological processes and interactions to create new technology and products. Biotechnology has been used by humans for thousands of years in a variety of ways.

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    What is traditional biotechnology?

    A:

    Traditional biotechnology is the use of natural organisms by humans to create or modify foods or other useful products. Examples of traditional biotechnology include using yeasts for fermentation and practicing selective seed collection to create hardier crops.

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    What is an example of a saprophyte?

    A:

    Some examples of saprophytes are the bacteria which subsist on human waste, the ink cap mushroom and non-photosynthetic plants, such as Indian pipe and gnome plant. Saprophyte is somewhat of an outdated name: fungi once termed saprophytes are now called saprobes, and plants once termed saprophytes are now called mycotrophic.

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