A few examples of Charles' law involve the shrinking of a ball when it is introduced to a colder environment and the swelling of an inner tube in bright sunlight. Another example of Charles' law is a turkey syringe thermometer popping when a turkey has finished cooking.Know More
Other common examples of Charles' law involve helium balloons, tire pressure and dented table tennis balls. Helium balloons shrink when brought out into cold temperatures but can return to their original shape when brought back into warmer temperatures. Car manuals state that tire pressure should be measured in cold weather, since tire pressure is higher in warm weather. Dented table tennis balls can be restored to their original shapes by placing them in a sauce pan full of water and gently increasing the heat of the water; as it heats, the air in the ball expands and pushes out the dent.
Charles' law states that increasing the temperature of a gas increases its volume. The law was introduced in the early 1800s in France by Jacques Charles and Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac. These two scientists used the popularity of hot air balloons to test how the volume of the gas was affected by the temperature of the gas.Learn more about Chemistry
Dalton's law states that the total pressure of the gas mixture in a container is equivalent to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases in that container. Dalton's law only refers to nonreacting gases and is related to the ideal gas law, which predicts how the pressure, volume and temperature of a gas is related to the amount of the gas present.Full Answer >
The law of floatation states that when a body is wholly or partially immersed in a liquid, it floats if the weight of the liquid displaced is equal to the weight of the body. If the weight of the liquid displaced is more than the weight of the body, it sinks.Full Answer >
The law of octaves in chemistry is a generalization of a correspondence between chemical properties and atomic weight, in which different elements with similar chemical properties are usually separated by some multiple of eight mass units. It was first stated by the English chemist John Newlands in 1865.Full Answer >
A differential rate law refers to the rate at which a chemical reaction occurs with respect to various concentrations of reactants. Rate laws are expressed as formulas for three types of reactions. Zero-order, first-order and second-order reactions have different constants for differential rate laws. Differential rate laws are determined experimentally as the reaction progresses until one reactant is completely consumed.Full Answer >