A few examples of Charles' law involve the shrinking of a ball when it is introduced to a colder environment and the swelling of an inner tube in bright sunlight. Another example of Charles' law is a turkey syringe thermometer popping when a turkey has finished cooking.Know More
Other common examples of Charles' law involve helium balloons, tire pressure and dented table tennis balls. Helium balloons shrink when brought out into cold temperatures but can return to their original shape when brought back into warmer temperatures. Car manuals state that tire pressure should be measured in cold weather, since tire pressure is higher in warm weather. Dented table tennis balls can be restored to their original shapes by placing them in a sauce pan full of water and gently increasing the heat of the water; as it heats, the air in the ball expands and pushes out the dent.
Charles' law states that increasing the temperature of a gas increases its volume. The law was introduced in the early 1800s in France by Jacques Charles and Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac. These two scientists used the popularity of hot air balloons to test how the volume of the gas was affected by the temperature of the gas.Learn more about Chemistry
Dalton's law states that the total pressure of the gas mixture in a container is equivalent to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases in that container. Dalton's law only refers to nonreacting gases and is related to the ideal gas law, which predicts how the pressure, volume and temperature of a gas is related to the amount of the gas present.Full Answer >
The Law of Octaves is about the patterns of elements in the Periodic Table, stating that when elements are aligned according to their atomic weight, every eighth element shares similar properties. For example, hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine are all on the same interval.Full Answer >
One practical application of Boyle's law is drawing fluid into a syringe. Pulling back on the plunger increases the interior volume of the syringe and reduces its pressure. The fluid outside the syringe is sucked into the barrel until the interior and exterior pressure are balanced.Full Answer >
A differential rate law refers to the rate at which a chemical reaction occurs with respect to various concentrations of reactants. Rate laws are expressed as formulas for three types of reactions. Zero-order, first-order and second-order reactions have different constants for differential rate laws. Differential rate laws are determined experimentally as the reaction progresses until one reactant is completely consumed.Full Answer >