Examples of cinder cone volcanoes are Kula and Karapinar in Turkey; Taal Volcano in the Philippines; Hverfjall in Iceland; El Jorullo, Parícutin and Pinacate Peaks in Mexico; Mounts Leura, Fox and Elephant in Australia; Royal Society Volcano in Antarctica; Manda-Inakir on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border and Barren Island in the Andaman Islands. The United States hosts over 100 cinder cones, mainly in western states and Hawaii.
Examples of cinder cone volcanoes in the United States include Oregon's Hoodoo Butte, Lava Butte, Mount Talbert, Pilot Butte, Mount Tabor and Wizard Island. Cinder cones in California include Pisgah Crater, Amboy Crater, Twin Buttes and Schonchin Butte. Hawaii's Mauna Kea, a shield volcano, hosts at least 100 cinder cones on its sides, such as Pu?u Waiau. Canada is home to over 40 cinder cone volcanoes, mostly located in British Columbia, up the coast from the U.S. cinder cones in California and Oregon.
The most active known cinder cone volcano is Cerro Negro, located in Nicaragua. It has erupted at least 20 times since its initial eruption in 1850. Another well-known cinder cone, Mexico's Paricutin, first erupted in 1943 and continued to erupt for nine years. Beyond Earth, scientists have postulated Mars' Pavonis Mons and the Moon's Marius Hills may also be cinder cone volcanoes.Learn More
Cinder cone volcanoes form when high temperatures and pressure melt rock deep inside the Earth. Once a large amount of magma forms, it rises until it reaches the surface, creating an eruption.Full Answer >
Cinder cone, or scoria cone, volcanoes are cone-shaped hills that form when lava fragments are ejected from localized vents and pile up and solidify around the opening. Cinder cones can be standalone formations or develop on the slopes of shield volcanoes and stratovolcanoes. Mount Etna in Sicily and Mauna Kea in Hawaii are well-known volcanoes with hundreds of cinder cone formations along their sides.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Geological Survey, a cinder cone is the simplest type of volcano, built up out of lava deposits left by a single magma vent. When the vent blows lava into the air, fragments cool and solidify, falling to earth around the vent. Over time, these deposits build up into a cone-shaped hill.Full Answer >
Spatter cone volcanoes are created from blobs of lava thrown up from volcanic fissures. These blobs return to earth, pile up and form mounds around a vent. Spatter cones range between 1 and 5 meters high.Full Answer >