Examples of cinder cone volcanoes are Kula and Karapinar in Turkey; Taal Volcano in the Philippines; Hverfjall in Iceland; El Jorullo, Parícutin and Pinacate Peaks in Mexico; Mounts Leura, Fox and Elephant in Australia; Royal Society Volcano in Antarctica; Manda-Inakir on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border and Barren Island in the Andaman Islands. The United States hosts over 100 cinder cones, mainly in western states and Hawaii.
Examples of cinder cone volcanoes in the United States include Oregon's Hoodoo Butte, Lava Butte, Mount Talbert, Pilot Butte, Mount Tabor and Wizard Island. Cinder cones in California include Pisgah Crater, Amboy Crater, Twin Buttes and Schonchin Butte. Hawaii's Mauna Kea, a shield volcano, hosts at least 100 cinder cones on its sides, such as Pu?u Waiau. Canada is home to over 40 cinder cone volcanoes, mostly located in British Columbia, up the coast from the U.S. cinder cones in California and Oregon.
The most active known cinder cone volcano is Cerro Negro, located in Nicaragua. It has erupted at least 20 times since its initial eruption in 1850. Another well-known cinder cone, Mexico's Paricutin, first erupted in 1943 and continued to erupt for nine years. Beyond Earth, scientists have postulated Mars' Pavonis Mons and the Moon's Marius Hills may also be cinder cone volcanoes.Learn More
Various factors trigger a volcanic eruption. The three predominant factors are the magma's buoyancy, the pressure from the gases that separate in the magma and the merger of a new batch of magma with a chamber already filled with magma.Full Answer >
Make a volcano project by building a paper-mache volcano, measuring out the baking soda and adding vinegar. For this project, gather a 1-liter empty plastic bottle, a piece of cardboard, newspaper, flour, water, paint, dishwasher detergent, food coloring, baking soda and vinegar.Full Answer >
The most common and serious types of volcanic hazards are flowing lava, falling ash, glowing avalanches and moving mud and debris. The exact hazard level varies depending on the type of volcano erupting. Additional hazards include the emission of hazardous gases and eruption clouds, which are dangerous to planes and helicopters.Full Answer >
Scoria can be found in areas of the Earth where volcanic activity has occurred. Ranging in color from black to dark red, it is an igneous rock riddled with air bubbles. Scoria is created as gas escapes from a volcano and rock solidifies around it.Full Answer >