Examples of cinder cone volcanoes are Kula and Karapinar in Turkey; Taal Volcano in the Philippines; Hverfjall in Iceland; El Jorullo, Parícutin and Pinacate Peaks in Mexico; Mounts Leura, Fox and Elephant in Australia; Royal Society Volcano in Antarctica; Manda-Inakir on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border and Barren Island in the Andaman Islands. The United States hosts over 100 cinder cones, mainly in western states and Hawaii.Know More
Examples of cinder cone volcanoes in the United States include Oregon's Hoodoo Butte, Lava Butte, Mount Talbert, Pilot Butte, Mount Tabor and Wizard Island. Cinder cones in California include Pisgah Crater, Amboy Crater, Twin Buttes and Schonchin Butte. Hawaii's Mauna Kea, a shield volcano, hosts at least 100 cinder cones on its sides, such as Pu?u Waiau. Canada is home to over 40 cinder cone volcanoes, mostly located in British Columbia, up the coast from the U.S. cinder cones in California and Oregon.
The most active known cinder cone volcano is Cerro Negro, located in Nicaragua. It has erupted at least 20 times since its initial eruption in 1850. Another well-known cinder cone, Mexico's Paricutin, first erupted in 1943 and continued to erupt for nine years. Beyond Earth, scientists have postulated Mars' Pavonis Mons and the Moon's Marius Hills may also be cinder cone volcanoes.Learn more about Volcanoes
Cinder cone volcanoes form when high temperatures and pressure melt rock deep inside the Earth. Once a large amount of magma forms, it rises until it reaches the surface, creating an eruption.Full Answer >
Cinder-cone volcanoes, properly called scoria volcanoes, erupt when expanding gas bubbles drive lava to the volcano's surface. Because of this pressure, the lava fountains are usually very high and vertical. By the time the erupted material lands, it is already cool.Full Answer >
Some examples of extinct volcanoes include Aconcagua in Argentina, Mount Kenya in Kenya, Mount Ashitaka in Japan and Mount Buninyong in Australia. Extinct volcanoes have been inactive for a long period of time and are considered unlikely to erupt again.Full Answer >
Based upon the number of large explosions over the past 10,000 years, the most active explosive volcanoes are, in order: Shiveluch in Russia, Pel?e in Martinique, Cotopaxi in Ecuador, Katla in Iceland, Arenal in Costa Rica, Hekla in Iceland, Ibusuki Volcanic Field in Japan, Taupo in New Zealand, Vesuvius in Italy and Avachinsky in Kamchatka. Shiveluch has erupted the most, 43 times, compared to 22 times for Pel?e.Full Answer >