Examples of cinder cone volcanoes are Kula and Karapinar in Turkey; Taal Volcano in the Philippines; Hverfjall in Iceland; El Jorullo, Parícutin and Pinacate Peaks in Mexico; Mounts Leura, Fox and Elephant in Australia; Royal Society Volcano in Antarctica; Manda-Inakir on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border and Barren Island in the Andaman Islands. The United States hosts over 100 cinder cones, mainly in western states and Hawaii.Know More
Examples of cinder cone volcanoes in the United States include Oregon's Hoodoo Butte, Lava Butte, Mount Talbert, Pilot Butte, Mount Tabor and Wizard Island. Cinder cones in California include Pisgah Crater, Amboy Crater, Twin Buttes and Schonchin Butte. Hawaii's Mauna Kea, a shield volcano, hosts at least 100 cinder cones on its sides, such as Pu?u Waiau. Canada is home to over 40 cinder cone volcanoes, mostly located in British Columbia, up the coast from the U.S. cinder cones in California and Oregon.
The most active known cinder cone volcano is Cerro Negro, located in Nicaragua. It has erupted at least 20 times since its initial eruption in 1850. Another well-known cinder cone, Mexico's Paricutin, first erupted in 1943 and continued to erupt for nine years. Beyond Earth, scientists have postulated Mars' Pavonis Mons and the Moon's Marius Hills may also be cinder cone volcanoes.Learn more about Volcanoes
Cinder cone volcanoes are made of material called scoria, a low density form of basalt. Scoria forms as gases in the lava try to force their way out of the molten material through a vertical path.Full Answer >
Cinder-cone volcanoes, properly called scoria volcanoes, erupt when expanding gas bubbles drive lava to the volcano's surface. Because of this pressure, the lava fountains are usually very high and vertical. By the time the erupted material lands, it is already cool.Full Answer >
Some examples of extinct volcanoes include Aconcagua in Argentina, Mount Kenya in Kenya, Mount Ashitaka in Japan and Mount Buninyong in Australia. Extinct volcanoes have been inactive for a long period of time and are considered unlikely to erupt again.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Geological Survey, a cinder cone is the simplest type of volcano, built up out of lava deposits left by a single magma vent. When the vent blows lava into the air, fragments cool and solidify, falling to earth around the vent. Over time, these deposits build up into a cone-shaped hill.Full Answer >