A convergent plate boundary occurs when a collision of tectonic plates causes one plate to slide over the top of another. There are three examples of convergent plate boundaries that occur as the result of continental and oceanic plate convergence:Know More
Continental vs. Oceanic Convergence When a continental plate and oceanic plate collide, the more buoyant continental plate slides atop the oceanic plate, creating a subduction zone that features deep ocean trenches and volcanic mountains.
Oceanic vs. Continental Convergence When two oceanic plates collide, whichever plate is older (and thus denser) will be covered by the other, newer plate. These collisions result in the creation of volcanic mountains that can surface above the ocean as small island chains.
Continental vs. Continental Convergence When two continental plates collide, neither can "sink", because buoyancy is not a factor. Instead the pieces are crammed together, creating large mountains, such as the Himalayans.Learn more about Plate Tectonics
Numerous mountain ranges were formed by the collision of two continental tectonic plates, including the Himalayas, the Alps, the Appalachians and the Atlas mountains. It is also thought that the Rocky Mountains formed in part due to small pieces of land on the Pacific oceanic plate colliding with North America.Full Answer >
The most active plate boundary is in the Pacific Ocean basin. Several tectonic plates collide in this area, which is known as the Ring of Fire due to the high number of volcanoes, earthquakes, deep sea trenches and other seismic activities occurring on its rim.Full Answer >
Kilauea was not formed by tectonic activity at a plate boundary. Instead, it is the result of a geologic hot spot beneath the middle of the Pacific plate. This hot spot also built the other islands of the Hawaiian chain, beginning with Kauai about 5 million years ago.Full Answer >
The San Andreas Fault exemplifies a transform fault plate boundary. Transform fault boundaries consist of two plates sliding against each other in a horizontal motion.Full Answer >