Some examples of extinct volcanoes include Aconcagua in Argentina, Mount Kenya in Kenya, Mount Ashitaka in Japan and Mount Buninyong in Australia. Extinct volcanoes have been inactive for a long period of time and are considered unlikely to erupt again.
Whether a volcano is extinct or dormant might be difficult to establish, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Scientists might classify a volcano as dormant instead of extinct, even though it hasn't erupted in tens of thousands of years. This is related to the long lifespans of volcanoes, which allow for the possibility of a volcano erupting every several tens of thousands of years. Such an example is the Yellowstone caldera, which hasn't erupted for approximately 70,000 years, yet it's still considered dormant.Learn More
It is hard to put an exact figure on the number of extinct volcanoes in the world; according to Oregon State University, the expectation that a volcano will never erupt again is no guarantee that this is actually the case. When it comes to predicting volcanic behavior, there is a lot of potential room for human error.Full Answer >
Every volcano has its own eruptive history, and most can be classified into three main types that are based on the volcano's general form and eruptive pattern. Categorizing a volcano as active, dormant or extinct is one way of acknowledging its eruptive history, though these categories are necessarily inexact and subjective.Full Answer >
Based upon the number of large explosions over the past 10,000 years, the most active explosive volcanoes are, in order: Shiveluch in Russia, Pel?e in Martinique, Cotopaxi in Ecuador, Katla in Iceland, Arenal in Costa Rica, Hekla in Iceland, Ibusuki Volcanic Field in Japan, Taupo in New Zealand, Vesuvius in Italy and Avachinsky in Kamchatka. Shiveluch has erupted the most, 43 times, compared to 22 times for Pel?e.Full Answer >
Examples of cinder cone volcanoes are Kula and Karapinar in Turkey; Taal Volcano in the Philippines; Hverfjall in Iceland; El Jorullo, Parícutin and Pinacate Peaks in Mexico; Mounts Leura, Fox and Elephant in Australia; Royal Society Volcano in Antarctica; Manda-Inakir on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border and Barren Island in the Andaman Islands. The United States hosts over 100 cinder cones, mainly in western states and Hawaii.Full Answer >