Flat bones in the human body include the ribs, sternum (breastbone), scapula (shoulder blade), pelvic girdle and many of the 29 bones that make up the skull. Flat bones act as protection for essential organs or as attachment points for major muscle groups.Know More
The skull protects the brain, while the ribs and sternum protect vital internal organs like the heart, liver and lungs. The scapula and pelvic girdle act as larger attachment points for muscles.
The muscles attached to the two scapula bones control the rotation of the arms and shoulders. The scapula, together with the acromion bone, form the upper part of the shoulder socket.
The pelvic girdle consists of the three bones: the ilium, ischium and pubis. These bones support the muscles and movement of the trunk and those that allow leg and hip movements.Learn more about Bones
The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and two tendons that connect the humerus, or upper arm, to the scapula, or shoulder blade. The muscles and tendons include the teres minor, infraspinatus, supraspinatus, subscapularis, and supraspinatus and subscapularis tendons.Full Answer >
The scientific name for a shoulder blade is "scapula," according to ShoulderDoc. It is one of three bones that form the shoulder. The other two bones are the humerus (the upper arm bone) and the clavicle (collar bone).Full Answer >
The breastbone, also known as the sternum, is located at the front center of the chest. It is a flat bone that protects the heart and lungs from trauma. The sternum also connects to the first seven ribs of the ribcage, providing them with stability.Full Answer >
Injury during birth, head trauma, vitamin A toxicity, separated or malformed sutures, application of pressure, or rare congenital conditions can cause indentations in the skull, according to Healthline. When one of the skull's bones cracks, the depressed skull fracture sometimes dents inward, according to Drugs.com.Full Answer >