Q:

What are some examples of fungi organisms?

A:

Yeast and mushrooms are two of the most common examples of fungi organisms. Fungi organisms can be decomposers, plant parasites and can cause diseases in humans and animals.

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Athlete's foot is caused by a fungus, and penicillin is made from a fungal mold. Fungi comes in all shapes and sizes, from single cells to organisms that are very complex. There are three major groups of fungi.

  1. Multicellular filamentous molds
  2. These molds are composed of hyphae, which are very small threads. As the hyphae grow, they begin to intertwine and eventually form a mycelium. Some of the hyphae have spores, which is how the mold reproduces. Weather and animals spread the spores to new environments where they grow to produce new hyphae.
  3. Macroscopic filamentous fungi
  4. This fungi grows by producing the mycelium below ground, instead of above as with the first group. . This group of fungi is commonly referred to as mushrooms. Beneath the mushroom cap are gills, which contain the spores.
  5. Yeasts
  6. Yeast is most commonly associated with making bread and brewing beer. Another species of yeast, candida, can cause infections for those with a compromised immune system. Yeast is a small, single-cell organism about the size of a red blood cell. It reproduces by breaking a child cell off of the parent cell.
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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the definition of fungi?

    A:

    The fungi are a kingdom in the eukaryote domain. Fungi are important decomposers in all ecosystems because they can break down a wide variety of organic matter. Lignin, a component of wood, would not get broken down without fungal decomposers, so the nutrients would not be recycled.

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  • Q:

    What is the structure of fungi?

    A:

    Fungi are structured in filaments called hyphae, which are made up strings of cells and separated from one another by septa or crosswalls. Many of these hyphae grouped together make up mycelium.

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  • Q:

    How do fungi eat?

    A:

    Most fungi eat by releasing enzymes that break down surrounding nutrients, which are then absorbed into their bodies. In order to have a consistent food source, fungi grows on or in food. Some fungi species are able to hunt protozoa and nematodes.

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  • Q:

    What are the advantages of fungi?

    A:

    Fungi play an essential role in ecosystems. They are responsible for the decomposition of organic matter; removing and recycling the organic matter on the ground, thus providing nutrients and food for plants, according to the Rainforest Conservation Fund. Additionally, fungi are responsible for nitrogen fixation within the soil.

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