Q:

What are some examples of fungi organisms?

A:

Quick Answer

Yeast and mushrooms are two of the most common examples of fungi organisms. Fungi organisms can be decomposers, plant parasites and can cause diseases in humans and animals.

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Full Answer

Athlete's foot is caused by a fungus, and penicillin is made from a fungal mold. Fungi comes in all shapes and sizes, from single cells to organisms that are very complex. There are three major groups of fungi.

  1. Multicellular filamentous molds
  2. These molds are composed of hyphae, which are very small threads. As the hyphae grow, they begin to intertwine and eventually form a mycelium. Some of the hyphae have spores, which is how the mold reproduces. Weather and animals spread the spores to new environments where they grow to produce new hyphae.
  3. Macroscopic filamentous fungi
  4. This fungi grows by producing the mycelium below ground, instead of above as with the first group. . This group of fungi is commonly referred to as mushrooms. Beneath the mushroom cap are gills, which contain the spores.
  5. Yeasts
  6. Yeast is most commonly associated with making bread and brewing beer. Another species of yeast, candida, can cause infections for those with a compromised immune system. Yeast is a small, single-cell organism about the size of a red blood cell. It reproduces by breaking a child cell off of the parent cell.
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Related Questions

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    What is the size of fungi?

    A:

    Fungi range in size from a single-celled organism, such as yeast, to a 3.5-mile-wide mushroom located in Oregon's Malheur National Forest. This honey mushroom covers more than 2,200 acres of the forest floor and is dubbed "the humongous fungus."

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    How do fungi reproduce?

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    Fungi reproduce in one of two ways: asexually through mitosis, or sexually through meiosis. Sexual reproduction occurs far less frequently than asexual production and usually only when necessary to adapt to environmental change.

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    How is fungi spread?

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    Fungi spread by forcibly ejecting spores, making their own wind and allowing natural wind and water to spread their spores. Some spores have hair-like parts that help them disperse more easily in water. Some fungi use insects, such as flies, to help them spread their spores.

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    What are the characteristics of fungi?

    A:

    Fungi are eukaryotes. They reproduce by means of spores, and they reproduce both sexually and asexually. They are nonvascular, and they are heterotrophic. Fungi store their food as starch. They have a small nucleus. They digest their food before they ingest it. They are nonmotile. They have cell walls composed of chitin.

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