The fungi-like protists of Kingdom Protista comprise a group including slime molds and water molds. These molds are simple, unicellular organisms that are fungi-like in appearance and habitat, according to Cliffs Notes. By ingesting more complex organic matter, they act as decomposers. Like true fungi, they thrive in moist or wet environments.Know More
Often displaying a slimy appearance for which they are named, there are two primary types of slime molds: cellular and acellular, explains CK12.org. During the feeding stage, both mold types form a mass that propels itself along, ingesting as it goes. Phylum dictyosteliomycota, a cellular protist, retains its cell walls as individual amoebas group together into a slug of protoplasm, while phylum myxomycota, an acellular protist, loses its cell wall, with the amoebas forming a mass with multiple nuclei inside of one cell membrane, called a plasmodium. Both types of molds prefer the damp environment of a rotting log or the forest floor.
Water molds are a separate group of primarily aquatic molds that act as parasites on land. For example, the water mold Phytophthora infestans caused a late potato blight and nearly wiped out the potato crop in mid-19th century Ireland, causing the Irish potato famine. Another water mold, genus Plasmodium, causes malaria in humans.Learn more about Biology
Members of the kingdom Fungi have cells with a nucleus. Fungi cells have a cell wall and membrane-bound organelles. The presence of membrane-bound organelles causes fungi to be classified as eukaryotes.Full Answer >
Fungi are aerobic organisms; they must have free oxygen to survive. They cannot create their own food using the sun like a plant does. Fungi must get their energy from living off of dead plants and other fungi.Full Answer >
The basic morphology of a fungi takes place in two different methods: the release of spores, and by individual cells that multiply by a process known as budding, or fission.Full Answer >
Fungi are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms, while bacteria are single-celled prokaryotes. The cells of fungi have nuclei that contain the chromosomes and other organelles, such as mitochondria and ribosomes. Bacteria are much smaller than fungi, do not have nuclei or other organelles and cannot reproduce sexually.Full Answer >