Some of the more commonly found examples of gymnosperms are pines, spruces, cedars and sequoias. The less abundant varieties include the cycads, such as the sago palm, and the maidenhair tree or Ginkgo biloba. Overall, there are more than 1,000 species of gymnosperms encompassing 14 plant families.Know More
Gymnosperms are seed-bearing plants that do not produce fruits or flowers. They are heterosporous and produce gametophytes and spores that are embedded within their parental diploid tissues. The seeds of gymnosperms either develop on the scales or leaves of the plant, often in a protected manner such as the pine cone, or at the tips of short stalks, such as in the case of the Ginkgo biloba.
Together with the angiosperms, which produce fruits or flowers, gymnosperms represent the spermatophytes, or seed-producing plants. The conifers, most of which are evergreens, represent the widest variety of gymnosperms, with more than 600 species. Conifers are a source of a significant economic commodity in the form of lumber.
Gymnosperms are commonly accepted as the group from which the angiosperms evolved, but which particular group they came from remains, in the words of Charles Darwin, "an abominable mystery." A wide variety of gymnosperms have been suggested as possible ancestors of the fruit- and flower-producing angiosperms. It is believed that the gymnosperms themselves originated about 319 million years ago during the late Carboniferous period.Learn more about Botany
Gymnosperms share four common characteristics: they lack a protective outer covering around their seeds, do not produce flowers or fruits and are pollinated by winds, which disperse their seeds over short and long distances. Physically, gymnosperms have distinct characteristics, such as color and size, which set them apart from similar plants.Full Answer >
Though angiosperms and gymnosperms are both seed-producing plants of the Embryophyta subkingdom, they share many more differences than similarities. The most significant regards seed development. While angiosperms produce seeds within an enclosure, the seeds of gymnosperms are not enclosed.Full Answer >
Coffee, jujubes, olives, peaches and cherries are all examples of drupes. Drupes are fruits with three layers: the outer skin, the fleshy middle layer and the hard inner layer containing the seed. The word "drupe" comes from the Latin word "drupa," which means wrinkled olive.Full Answer >
Some examples of tuber vegetables include all potatoes, cassava, yams, sweet potatoes, taro, jicama and dahlia roots. Tubers are vegetables with edible, bulb-like roots or subterranean stems.Full Answer >