Elephants, rhinos, moose, squirrels and giraffes are all herbivores.Herbivores are the second level of the food chain and are the primary consumers, or first consumers, on the food chain.
Many people think that herbivores must eat the same food every day, but herbivores actually eat a variety of plant foods. It depends on the kind of herbivore. Grazers are herbivores who eat grass and other small plants that are found on or near the ground. An example of a grazer is a squirrel. Browsers are herbivores who eat leaves off of plants, shoots and twigs. Browsers eat primarily food that is higher up in the air. Some of the largest herbivores are both grazers and browsers including elephants, moose and rhinos.
Herbivores have ridges in their teeth that make it easier for them to chew food into smaller pieces, and they can digest it easier. These animals are also built in ways that help them gather the plant food that they need, such as the giraffe. Giraffes are built with long, tall necks that can help them reach the treetops for leaves off of acacia trees. Deer are able to bend easily to eat grass. Herbivores can also be found in a variety including the desert where kangaroo rats, mice and other small rodents snack on seeds and small plants.Learn More
Polar bears are apex predators of the arctic ecosystem. Polar bears primarily prey upon bearded, ringed, hooded and harp seals, but they also hunt walruses, sea birds and small mammals. Because of their strong sense of smell, polar bears are also excellent scavengers, consuming significant amounts of carrion and human refuse. During the brief time when vegetation is available, polar bears consume flowers, leaves and berries.Full Answer >
The animal that can go the longest without drinking water is the kangaroo rat. The kangaroo rat can live for years without water if it has to.Full Answer >
Many types of animals live in arid and semi-arid climates around the world, including bighorn sheep and lizards, scorpions and kangaroo rats. Camels can store water for periods of drought, and the sidewinder snake uses sand to enable it to move with quick wiggling motions.Full Answer >
Butterflies use warning colors and concentrations of poison within their bodies to ward off predators. They also utilize camouflage, large eye spots, mimicry and flight to avoid being eaten.Full Answer >