There are several well-known examples of morphological convergence, including butterflies and snakes. These species develop similar color and marking traits of more dangerous organisms via morphological convergence as a survival mechanism.Know More
Butterflies like the monarch butterfly are brightly colored to let predators know that they are poisonous and to stay away. Other butterflies like the viceroy adapt to mimic these colors and patterns to protect themselves. Predators learn to associate the bright colors or color patterns with a prey that will make them sick or not taste good. By looking similar enough to the non-palatable species, the palatable creature is protected from more predators.
Coral snakes are well known for this morphological convergence. These snakes closely mimic the pattern of a venomous king snake. Predators like hawks see the bright red and yellow on the coral snakes and immediately think that the snake is venomous like the king snake. This protects the coral snake, which is smaller and non-venomous.
Morphological convergence can also occur when an organism needs to adapt to environment as well. New world and old world vultures are a good example of this. For many years, these birds were both thought to descend from raptors. The old world vultures do descend from raptors, but studies have proven that new world vultures descend from cranes and storks. The new world vultures develop similar traits and appearance to the old world vultures due to living in similar environments and needing to adapt to survive in those environments.Learn more about Biology
Some examples of cultural convergence are the use of technology, participation in global sports and the English language. Cultural convergence occurs when multiple cultures become more like one another through exposure to traditions, ideals and languages. The United States often participates in cultural convergence when it assists a country in developing a democratic government. The move of former USSR countries from Communism to democracy is an example of cultural convergence.Full Answer >
Examples of limiting factors include competition, parasitism, predation, disease, abnormal weather patterns, natural calamities, seasonal cycles and human activities. In terms of population growth, limiting factors can be classified into density-dependent factors and density-independent factors.Full Answer >
In a general sense, every distinct species on earth is an example of macroevolution. Each species is distinct from every other species in the world, yet it shares a common ancestry with all other forms of life. Macroevolution is the process by which humans diverged from apes, apes from other mammals, mammals from reptiles and air-breathing vertebrates from fish.Full Answer >
Some examples of fungi classified within the group Zygomycota are black bread mold and Rhizopus oligosporus, which is used to produce tempeh. Zygomycetes are a group of mostly microscopic fungi that differ from other fungi in that they reproduce using zygospores.Full Answer >