Cows, buffaloes, elephants, monkeys, dogs and cats are all examples of multicellular organisms. Humans are the most complex of all multicellular organisms. All such organisms have billions of cells, tissues and different organ systems in the body.Know More
All multicellular organisms may be seen with the naked eye, as they are large. Multicellular organisms have evolved from unicellular organisms. They have specialized cells for performing different functions. The cells of the heart are different from the cells of the liver and the brain.
As opposed to multicellular organisms, there are unicellular organisms, such as amoeba, paramecium, viruses of various kinds and bacteria. They do not have a well-defined organ structure or organ systems within their bodies.Learn more about Cells
Reproductive cells in animals, called gametes, are examples of haploid cells. Both male and female reproductive cells, known respectively as sperm and egg cells, are haploid in that they each possess one copy of each type of chromosome that, when joined with other haploid cells, forms a single, complete chromosome set.Full Answer >
Some examples of active transport are endocytosis, exocytosis and the use of a cell membrane pump; diffusion, osmosis and facilitated diffusion are all examples of passive transport. In active transport, particles move from areas of low concentration to high concentration, while in passive transport, the particles move from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration.Full Answer >
Cells need oxygen for the efficient use of glucose in cellular respiration, the main method most organisms use to gain energy. The oxygen bonds to portions of the glucose molecule, releasing water, carbon dioxide and a large amount of energy. The cells then use that energy to generate adenosine triphosphate, commonly abbreviated as ATP, the main energy currency used by the cell.Full Answer >
Arizona State University states that meiosis is how sexually reproducing organisms, including humans, produce gametes, or sex cells. Gametes are fundamentally different from the body, or somatic, cells of sexually reproductive organisms because gametes only have half of the genetic code in their nucleus. When two different gametes fuse and produce a zygote, their half-complements of genetic material combine to form a complete genome with the full complement of chromosomes.Full Answer >