Q:

What are examples of neutral substances?

A:

Quick Answer

Water, sugar and table salt are common examples of neutral substances. The pH scale rates substances based on how acidic or basic they are. A substance that is not acidic or basic is described as a neutral substance.

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Full Answer

Acids and bases are the two extremes that are used to describe the chemical properties of any specific chemical. Acids taste sour, react strongly with metal and, if the acid is strong enough, can burn skin. Bases taste bitter, feel slippery and can also burn skin when strong enough. Mixing acids and bases, however, can neutralize the extreme effects of the substances.

The pH scale rates items on a scale of 0 to 14. Neutral substances are rated 7 on the scale. Substances with a pH below 7 are acidic, and those with a pH above 7 are basic. The lower the number, the stronger the acid is. The higher the number, the more basic the chemical is.

Pure water is a neutral substance, but other substances often mix with water and change its pH value. If an acidic substance like vinegar or lemon juice is added to the water, it will become acidic. If lye, ammonia or another basic substance is added to the water, the mixture becomes basic.

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Related Questions

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    What is a neutral pH level?

    A:

    A neutral pH level is a value of seven on the pH scale. This number lies at the center of the scale and is the value that is associated with pure water. A pH level below or above seven indicates that the liquid is either an acid or a base.

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    Is sugar an electrolyte?

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    Although sugar is often found in sports drinks and other electrolyte replacement products, it is not an electrolyte. Electrolytes include sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate.

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    Is sugar an acid or base?

    A:

    Sugar is neither an acid nor a base. Pure sugar, or glucose, is a neutral substance. A neutral substance is a substance that does not exhibit acidic or basic properties. Neutral substances like sugar do not trigger a reaction on a Litmus paper.

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    Why is water a versatile solvent?

    A:

    Water is a versatile solvent because it dissolves more substances than any other liquid. As a polar molecule, with the oxygen side having a negative charge and the hydrogen side having a positive charge, water can bind to ions and other polar molecules, dissolving them.

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