Q:

What are examples of nonpolar molecules?

A:

There are many examples of nonpolar molecules, including carbon dioxide. The linear arrangement of the two oxygen atoms on either side of a carbon atom creates a molecule that has the same number of electrons at either end.

Oxygen molecules and nitrogen molecules are both diatomic gases. The atoms in each of these gases are identical, so one does not have a greater affinity for the electron than the other, resulting in a balanced, nonpolar molecule.

Boron trifloride includes a single boron atom with three fluorine atoms arranged in a planar molecule. Each of the fluorine atoms is 120 degrees from the next, resulting in a balanced, nonpolar atom.

A methane molecule is one carbon atom surrounded by four hydrogen atoms in a tetrahedron. This three dimensional molecule exhibits an electron balanced atom in a nonpolar arrangement.

Nonpolar molecules dissolve best in nonpolar solvents while polar molecules dissolve in polar solvents, such as water. The active ingredient in pepper spray is a nonpolar molecule. Attempting to wash away this spray using water is generally ineffective. However, adding soap or detergent to the water gives it the ability to dissolve the oils in the spray. It recommends using a tear free baby shampoo mixed with water to wash this nonpolar irritant from the eyes.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Why is carbon dioxide nonpolar?

    A:

    Carbon dioxide is nonpolar because its bonds are symmetrical, according to Elmhurst College's Virtual Chembook. The bonds between the carbon and two oxygen atoms are polar; however, the entire molecule is nonpolar because the partial charges cancel each other.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Is CH4 non polar?

    A:

    CH4, also known as the molecule methane, is nonpolar. The covalent bonds in methane are nonpolar because the sharing of electrons in the bonds are equal.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are metallic and nonmetallic properties?

    A:

    Metals have luster, are malleable and ductile, conduct heat and electricity and may combine with other metals; nonmetals, in contrast, have little or no shine, are neither malleable nor ductile, do not conduct heat or electricity and exist as molecules in their most basic forms. Metals and nonmetals occasionally share overlapping characteristics, particularly elements located proximately on the periodic table of elements. However, most embody these characteristics, which are used to classify and categorize elements into the categories of metals and nonmetals.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is an apparent diffusion coefficient?

    A:

    The apparent diffusion coefficient is a measurement of how far water molecules spread in a tissue, notes Radiopaedia. Water moves in a random fashion as it spreads through biological tissue, and the ADC can be computed by radiologists to assist in diagnoses.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore