There are many examples of nonpolar molecules, including carbon dioxide. The linear arrangement of the two oxygen atoms on either side of a carbon atom creates a molecule that has the same number of electrons at either end.Know More
Oxygen molecules and nitrogen molecules are both diatomic gases. The atoms in each of these gases are identical, so one does not have a greater affinity for the electron than the other, resulting in a balanced, nonpolar molecule.
Boron trifloride includes a single boron atom with three fluorine atoms arranged in a planar molecule. Each of the fluorine atoms is 120 degrees from the next, resulting in a balanced, nonpolar atom.
A methane molecule is one carbon atom surrounded by four hydrogen atoms in a tetrahedron. This three dimensional molecule exhibits an electron balanced atom in a nonpolar arrangement.
Nonpolar molecules dissolve best in nonpolar solvents while polar molecules dissolve in polar solvents, such as water. The active ingredient in pepper spray is a nonpolar molecule. Attempting to wash away this spray using water is generally ineffective. However, adding soap or detergent to the water gives it the ability to dissolve the oils in the spray. It recommends using a tear free baby shampoo mixed with water to wash this nonpolar irritant from the eyes.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
Cyclohexane is nonpolar. Although not soluble in water, cyclohexane is soluble in ether, alcohol and acetone. Cyclohexane can be bought commercially, and its most common uses are as an organic solvent, for calibration of certain types of laboratory equipment, and as a byproduct of gasoline production.Full Answer >
Enzymes work by creating a location for molecules to bind together or break apart called the active site. When a molecule enters the active site, a chemical reaction takes place. The speed at which the chemical reaction occurs is determined by the action of the enzyme. Different enzymes are located in different areas of the body, with each enzyme working on only one type of molecule.Full Answer >
A water molecule measure approximately 2.75 angstroms, making it one of the smallest of all molecules. One meter is 10 billion angstroms. The water molecule is shaped like a V, with two atoms of hydrogen extending at an angle of around 104 degrees from an atom of oxygen.Full Answer >
Carbon has numerous physical properties, and some of these properties are quite different depending on the structural form of the molecules. Carbon's mineral hardness is measured at 0.5 for graphite and 10.0 for diamonds. Some of the properties unique to carbon elements include extremely high melting points, such as 6400 degrees Fahrenheit, and boiling points, such as 7281 degrees Fahrenheit. At room temperature, carbon is found in a solid state.Full Answer >