Examples of scientific management for organizing production include the assembly line at Henry Ford's automobile plants and using production schedules and records systems at Pullman and Remington Typewriter companies. These factories used elements of Taylor's scientific management system.Know More
American industrial engineer Frederick W. Taylor developed a system of industrial engineering or scientific management at the start of the 20th century, but only few separate elements from this system have ever been implemented at any given factory. Taylor aimed to optimize the work process of each worker. His system's goal was to make each stage of the process as efficient as possible so that efforts of an individual worker were reduced and productivity increased. Taylor's system treats a worker as another machine that can be tweaked to the point of maximum efficiency.
Motions studies developed by Frank B. and Lillian M. Gilbreth were also an important part of scientific management. Taylor watched workers perform their tasks and noted where time and effort was wasted, such as leaning or bending for tools. Usual tasks of workers at factories were observed by special employees, who timed each step of the process with a stop-watch.
Some of the tools of scientific management, such as inventory tracking methods and routing slips, were implemented in machine shops in the U.S in the early 20th century. Scientific management of industrial production was popular in the Soviet Union in the 1920s.Learn more about Biology
Examples of Archaea include the methane-loving methanogens, the salt-dwelling halophiles, the heat-tolerant thermophiles and the cold-dwelling psychrophiles. These organisms live in the most extreme environments on Earth, such as extremely salty water, hot springs and deep-sea vents.Full Answer >
Examples of archaebacteria include the halophiles, the methanogens and the thermophiles. Arcahebacteria are unicellular organisms belonging to the domain Archaea. One characteristic they all have in common is the ability to thrive in extreme environmental conditions that existed several billion years ago.Full Answer >
Examples of limiting factors include competition, parasitism, predation, disease, abnormal weather patterns, natural calamities, seasonal cycles and human activities. In terms of population growth, limiting factors can be classified into density-dependent factors and density-independent factors.Full Answer >
Examples of scavengers include hyenas, jackals, opossums, vultures, crows, crabs, lobsters and cockroaches. Many mammals, birds, sea life and insects consume decaying organic matter when necessary but not exclusively. Lions, leopards and wolves mainly hunt for fresh meat, but eat carrion if they encounter it. Foxes and coyotes are more likely to eat carrion in the winter when food is scarce.Full Answer >