The constellation Pisces is made up of 21 main stars, according to Universe Today. The constellation is the 14th largest constellation, and contains as many as 86 minor stars and other deep-sky objects within its confines.
The constellation Pegasus contains at least 16 stars of magnitude 4 or brighter. Three of the four stars in the Great Square belong to Pegasus. Alpheratz, the star at the northeast corner of the square, was designated as the alpha star of the constellation Andromeda.
The North Star is another name for the star Polaris. It is called the North Star because its location in the Northern Hemisphere remains constant throughout the year as other stars seem to move around it.
The Little Dipper is made up of seven stars. Unfortunately, unless a person lives in an area of the world that is not blinded by city lights, seeing more than one or two may be impossible.
A red giant star ranges from 62 million to 621 million miles in diameter, or 100 to 1,000 times the size of the sun. However, red giants have cooler temperatures than the sun because the energy travels over a larger surface area.
The constellation Gemini contains 85 major stars that vary in their distances from Earth. The closest star to Earth, Gliese 251, is around 17.99 light years from Earth.
The word "Leo" means lion in Latin. The constellation originally represented the ferocious Nemean lion that Hercules strangled to death as one of his 12 labors. According to legend, Zeus was impressed enough to make both of them constellations. Leo is not just a constellation, but one of the 12 constellations that make up the Zodiac. Unlike many constellations, Leo does look something like the creature it depicts.
A pattern in the stars is called a constellation. According to the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, the sky is divided into 88 official constellation groups. The constellation groups are referred to as asterisms.
The brightest star visible from Earth is the sun. Though it is not exceptionally bright by the standards of other stars, its relative proximity to Earth makes it, by far, the brightest object in the sky, with an apparent magnitude of -26.74.
An observer at the equator will see all of the constellations during the course of one year. The polar constellations Polaris and the Southern Cross appear near the horizon, while the rest pass overhead based on the season.
According to Sky-Watch, two of the most famous constellations are Ursa Major, the big bear, and Orion, the hunter. Ursa Major stands out because it contains the well-known Big Dipper. Orion is popular because it is near the equator and can be seen from any place on the planet.
The Aquila constellation has seven stars with known planets and has no Messier objects, according to Constellation Guide. Altair, or Alpha Aquilae is the brightest star in Aquila and the 12th brightest star in the sky,
As of 2014, Polaris, the North Star, is found at right ascension 2 hours, 31 minutes, 48.7 seconds and declination +89 degrees, 15 minutes, 51 seconds. It is found almost directly over the North Pole and seems to stand still while all the other stars circle around it.
While Capella appears to be a single star, it is actually a group of four stars that make up the sixth-brightest object in the night sky. The two stars that make up the brightest part of Capella have a surface temperature comparable to the Sun, about 4,900 degrees Kelvin.
The Lacerta constellation was invented by Johannes Hevelius during the 17th century. It is known for the five stars that make a "W" shape. The Milky Way flows through part of this constellation, and the Lacerta, or lizard, is a faint constellation located between Cygnus and Andromeda.
The constellation Orion can be seen between the months of November and February. Orion is made up of seven stars, with two forming the shoulders, three forming the belt and two forming the feet.
The constellation Sagittarius has 22 known stars. The brightest stars in this constellation are Epsilon, Delta, Zeta, Phi, Sigma, Eta, Tau, Lambda and Gamma-2 Sagittarii. Sagittarius is in the southern night skies, and it is easily viewable in August.
Five facts about Ursa Major are: it is also known as the Great Bear, it is the largest constellation in the sky, it has a companion constellation known as Ursa Minor, the body and tail are part of the Big Dipper and most of Ursa Major is circumpolar. Circumpolar means that the constellation can be seen all year long.
Aries is a mid-sized constellation also known as the "Ram," to many cultures. The Latin meaning of the term Aries means "The ram." The symbol of the constellation is a sign representing a Ram's horns. There are 88 modern-day constellations, and Aries ranks number 39.
While no specific person is credited with naming the stars Vega and Rigel, both derive their name from Arabic terms. Rigel is one of the first stars to receive an Arabic name, possibly as early as the 10th century, while written records of Vega's name trace back to between 1215 to 1270 A.D. Rigel's scientific name is Beta Orionis, while Vega is known as either Alpha Lyrae or Lucida Lyrae.
The International Astronomical Union recognizes 88 official constellations. Forty-eight of the 88 constellations were described by the ancient Greeks. Constellations are not the same as asterisms, which are simply recognizable patterns of stars such as the Big Dipper.