Earth's climate is determined by the amount of incoming solar radiation that reaches the planet and the amount of reflected heat energy that radiates back into space. There are also a number of lesser factors that affect the average weather conditions that compose the various regional climates found across the globe.Know More
Earth's climate is a complex system created by interactions and energy transfer between the planet's atmosphere and the various landmasses and bodies of water that make up its surface. The planetary climate has evolved under the influence of its own internal dynamics and variations in solar output. Even human industry has played a role in shaping the climate, as it has been responsible for shifting the density of certain atmospheric gases that are able to trap heat that would otherwise radiate back into space.
Area climates can differ greatly from region to region depending on any number of factors. For example, polar and equatorial regions experience vastly different climates due to their locations and the amount of solar energy that they receive and absorb. Differences in elevation, composition of landmasses and the influence of prevailing wind patterns all play a role in determining the average weather patterns that comprise regional climates.Learn more about Earth Science
Thermal energy moves from one object to another through heat energy. Heat energy moves through convection, conduction and radiation. The internal movement of atoms generates energy in matter. As the temperature of matter increases, the internal movement also increases.Full Answer >
A climate graph is a type of chart that uses both line and bar graphs to compare temperature and precipitation in a given geographic region over a specific period of time. In all climate graphs, the date range is represented by numbers at the bottom of the chart. The dates can include any period of time, though longer spans, such as months or years, are the most common.Full Answer >
Droughts can occur anywhere on the planet, but they are most prevalent and long-lasting in arid climates. Areas of the globe that experience high humidity and precipitation can have droughts when rainfall totals taper off over a long period of time, but these droughts are usually temporary in nature.Full Answer >
Cool air flowing over the Earth's poles sinks and spreads over the surface of the planet. When air flows away from the poles, it goes to the west due to the Coriolis effect. When this air, known as the polar easterlies, meets prevailing winds at lower latitudes, the air's upward motion is reduced. This polar cooling and spreading occurs at 60 degrees of latitude on both poles.Full Answer >