Fat is broken down into glycerol and fatty acids. Fat breakdown is called lipolysis and is performed by proteins called lipases. Once the fat is broken down, the human body can either utilize it directly for energy or use it to synthesize glucose.Know More
Most fat breakdown occurs in the small intestine and is aided by lipases and bile. Bile is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder and aids digestion by emulsifying the fat. A small amount of fat digestion takes place in the mouth and stomach, and the digested fatty acids are absorbed by the body in the large intestine.
Cholesterol is the bile component that transports fat from the large intestine to the rest of the body. Excess cholesterol is reabsorbed into the bloodstream rather than excreted, except when it binds to soluble fiber. A diet high in fiber allows more cholesterol to leave the body.
A healthy digestive system absorbs 95 percent of fat consumed. Diseases such as celiac disease and deficiencies of lipases or bile salts interfere with fat absorption and are collectively called malabsorption disorders. A healthy adult should obtain 30 percent of his daily calories from fat. The typical American diet provides a more than adequate amount of fat for adults without malabsorption disorders.Learn more about Human Anatomy
When foods containing starches, also known as complex carbohydrates, are consumed, the body breaks the starches down into glucose. Glucose is the substance the body uses to create immediate bursts of energy.Full Answer >
WebMD states that vegetable glycerin, also known as glycerol, is generally safe to consume orally for most people. It is possible for the ingredient to cause some side effects such as vomiting, dizziness, headaches and diarrhea. Glycerol is a popular remedy for constipation due to its ability to pull water into intestines and dissolve solid stools.Full Answer >
The saponification of ester is the process of producing glycerol and soap. Saponification involves a reaction of a base, normally sodium hydroxide, with an ester group on a compound. Triglyxcerides, which are an ester of a fatty acid, hydrolyze to form the sodium salt of a caboxylate. As well as soap, such saponifiation processes can also produce glycerol.Full Answer >
The monomers that make up a lipid are glycerol and fatty acids. The most common lipid structure is the triglyceride, which is comprised of a glycerol backbone bonded to three fatty acid tails.Full Answer >