Soap is an example of a fatty acid salt. Soap is usually made by mixing sodium or potassium salts, such as lye, with fatty acids. Soap also sometimes has air bubbles mixed in to decrease its density, enabling it to float on water.Know More
Potassium fatty acid salts have a softer, creamier lather. The reaction between a fatty acid and a metal hydroxide forms a fatty acid salt and is called hydrolysis. This reaction occurs in two steps, with the oxygen-based ester bond of the fatty acid being broken down in the first step and the metal ion bonding in place of the oxygen atom in the second step.
The efficiency of reacting the fatty acid portion to become a fatty acid salt depends on the basicity and concentration of the metal hydroxide solution used. The type of fatty acid and the length of the alkyl chain it contains determine the property of the produced soap. Animal fats and tallow produce sodium stearate, a fatty acid salt possessing 18 carbon atoms. This soap is very hard and insoluble, as the longer the fatty acid chain gets, the more insoluble the soap becomes. Zinc stearate is a fatty acid salt used as a water-repellent for this reason.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
Potassium salt from fatty acids is known to kill different types of moss, according to Garden Guides. Zinc is another moss killer, and it comes in different forms such as zinc-copper sulfate and zinc chloride. One particular zinc-based solution is zinc chloride at a 13 percent concentrate in powder form. Gardening Know How adds that ferrous sulfate and ferrous ammonium sulfate are chemicals normally used in moss sprays.Full Answer >
Water dissolves salt by dissociating the ions in salt from each other. Because water is a polar molecule, each of its ends holds a slight positive or negative electrical charge. These ends attract the positive and negative ions in salt and pull them apart from each other.Full Answer >
Halite is the mineral name for salt, or sodium chloride; it's referred to as rock salt when in rock form. Halite is typically either white or clear in color, but it can have a range of different colors including blue, violet, pink and yellow due to impurities. Halite forms through the evaporation of sea water over a long time period, and it is considered to be a sedimentary mineral.Full Answer >
strong>NaCl is an inorganic compound and is the chemical formula for sodium chloride, which is commonly known as salt or table salt. Inorganic compounds do not contain carbon and are made of two or more elements other than carbon. These compounds include metals, salts and substances made from single elements.Full Answer >