February is the shortest month because it is used to realign the calendar with the solar year by adding days during leap years. The reason February was chosen for this purpose goes back to the Romans, who did not originally have months for the winter season.Know More
The Romans originally only had a 10-month calendar that excluded January and February. These months were eventually added to the calendar by Roman king Numa Pompilius around 700 BCE, in order to have the calendar sync up with the lunar year. This system wasn't perfect and required an extra month every few years in order to realign the calendar with the lunar year.
Later, the calendar was reformed once again by Julius Caesar to align it with the solar year. Under this system, January and February were both originally 28 days, but it was considered an unlucky number by the Romans. Days were added to January leaving February the shortest year.
In today's Gregorian calendar, a successor to the Julian calendar of the Romans, the month of February serves to realign the calendar with the seasons, through the addition of the extra day during leap years.Learn more in Months & Seasons
The first day of spring occurs on March 20 in the Northern Hemisphere, 79 days after the first day of the year. During leap years, when the month of February has 29 days instead of 28, the first day of spring falls on the 80th day of the year.Full Answer >
According to Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, a calendar month is a full month or a specific date in one month that corresponds to the same day in the next. Months were first used in Mesopotamia and revolved around the cycles of the moon.Full Answer >
The length of the shortest day of the year depends on the location. In the United States, some areas get less than 4 hours of sunshine on the shortest day. In places like Washington and New York, the shortest day lasts for up to 9 1/2 hours.Full Answer >
August is the eighth month of the modern Gregorian calendar year. It is 31 days long and falls between the months of July and September.Full Answer >