Q:

When was the first tsunami?

A:

According to Eden, the first recorded tsunami occurred off the coast of Syria over 4,000 years ago. The Storegga Slides is a famous event that occurred in the prehistoric era that may have been caused by a tsunami.

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In 1883, the island volcano of Krakatoa erupted and caused tsunamis that spread as far as the English Channel. It caused so much devastation that one Indonesian area never recovered. It is now known as the Ujung Kulon Nature Reserve. A tsunami tends to hit the coasts of Australia every two years, while Japan expects a tsunami every six to seven years.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the effects of a tsunami?

    A:

    The effects of a tsunami include loss of human and animal life, devastating property damage, severe flooding and disease. There are also environmental effects such as contamination of soil and water, a permanent change to the landscape, solid waste and disaster debris, and hazardous materials and toxic substances.

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  • Q:

    What does a tsunami sound like?

    A:

    Witnesses to tsunamis report they make a roaring sound as they approach, similar to the sound of a freight train or a jet airplane. Tsunamis are triggered by underwater earthquakes, which are reported to make similar sounds. A hydrophone captured the sound of the 9.0 earthquake that struck Japan in 2011 and caused a tsunami across the Pacific Ocean, which was like the sound of a rocket taking off.

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  • Q:

    What causes a tsunami?

    A:

    Tsunamis are caused by undersea volcanoes or earthquakes that push massive amounts of energy through the water. Earthquakes are the most common cause, but landslides can create tsunamis as well.

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  • Q:

    How does a tsunami happen?

    A:

    Tsunamis are formed by violent underwater earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, and, rarely, meteor impacts. These events cause sudden and drastic displacement of water, forming massive waves in the process.

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