Fish require oxygen for survival just like other animals, but they filter it from water using specialized organs called gills. A fish draws in oxygen-rich water and passes it through its gills. The organs absorb the oxygen from the water, carrying it into the fish's bloodstream for use by its organs.Know More
Gills are made up of many small filaments that contain capillaries, which give the organs a large amount of surface area. This is necessary due to the lower oxygen content of water compared with atmospheric air. Any given volume of air contains more than 25 times as much oxygen as the same volume of freshwater. As a fish swims, it creates a constant current of water over its gills, allowing it to extract as much oxygen as possible. Some fish have the ability to create this pressurized stream of water using their internal organs, while others must remain constantly in motion to draw enough water through their gills to survive.
Not every species of fish relies on gills for oxygen. Some fish have rudimentary lung structures or absorb oxygen through their skin. These must occasionally surface to partake of the oxygen-rich air instead of filtering it from the water around them.Learn More
According to Estrella Mountain Community College, people need to breathe because human cells require oxygen to use food energy efficiently and to release the carbon dioxide generated by that use. The lungs are designed to maximize their surface area as they fill with air in order to allow as much of the gases to diffuse into and out of the blood as possible.Full Answer >
Snails can be divided into two categories when discussing manners of breathing: those with lungs and those with gills. Pulmonate (lung) snails assimilate oxygen through the thin wall ("lung") of their mantel cavity. Other snails breathe using gills.Full Answer >
Lobsters breathe through gills, which are located in a structure called the carapace. The carapace is situated at the top of the cephalothorax, which is commonly referred to as the lobster’s head. There are 20 pairs of gills that are separated into two branchial chambers inside the carapace. The gills are made up of short, fine filaments that absorb oxygen directly from the water.Full Answer >
According to the Australian Museum, crayfish breathe through their gills. Their feather-like gills, which are protected by the carapace, branch off from the base of their legs.Full Answer >