Q:

What are the five kingdoms of living things?

A:

The five kingdoms of living things are Monera, Protista, Fungi (or Mycota), Plantae (or Metaphyta) and Animalia (or Metazoa). The kingdom is the third taxonomic rank in the biological classification system.

Monera includes small, single-celled organisms without a nucleus and includes archaea bacteria, cyanobacteria and mycoplasma. They do not possess a direct feeding structure and obtain nutrients through photosynthesis or by absorption through the cell wall.

Protista consists of single-celled, mainly aquatic organisms such as diatoms, algae and euglena, as well as protozoans such as amoeba, paramoecium and plasmodium. Some have cell walls, but not all possess them. This group acquires nutrients via photosynthesis or ingestion of other organisms. Protista move via cilia, flagella or amoeboid processes.

Fungi, also known as kingdom Mycota, includes multicellular organisms with cell walls and nuclei. They are not self-propelling and range greatly in size. Some are microscopic, but this group also includes mushrooms.

Plantae, also known as kingdom Metaphyta, are a group of multicellular plants with chlorophyll who use photosynthesis to sustain themselves. This group includes common plants like trees, shrubs, flowers and similar plant life.

Animalia, also known as kingdom Metazoa, includes heterotrophic, eukaryotic and multicellular creatures that lack cell walls. They are self-propelled via cilia, flagella or muscles. Nutrients are acquired through ingestion.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What are the five kingdoms of life?

    A:

    The five kingdoms classification system of life consists of the Monera, which includes the bacteria and archaebacteria; Protista, which includes protozoa, slime molds and algae; Fungi; Plantae; and Animalia. The five kingdom classification system is outdated, as the bacteria and archaebacteria are now recognized as being different enough to be in separate kingdoms. These two groups do share the lack of a nucleus, an organelle which all other kingdoms possess.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Monera?

    A:

    Monera is the taxonomic kingdom that includes prokaryotic organisms, which are organisms with cells that do not have a nucleus. Monera breaks down into four bacterial subcategories: Archaebacteria, Acitomycetes, Mycoplasms and Eubacteria.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What kingdoms do lichen belong to?

    A:

    Lichens may belong to one, two, or all three of the following kingdoms: Fungi, Protista and Monera. Lichens are groups of multiple organisms, which may occur in the forms of fungi, protists and monerans. Although they share the classification of lichens, species vary widely in habitat, appearance and physical and biological characteristics depending on which kingdom they belong.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What do all living things need?

    A:

    All living things require a source of energy, nutrients, water, space to grow and reproduce, and a relatively stable environment that allows homeostasis. Many organisms also require oxygen, but this is not a universal requirement, and oxygen is actually deadly to certain organisms. Indeed, beyond these basic categories of needs, the requirements of organisms vary vastly from species to species.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore