Q:

What are the five major world biomes?

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Quick Answer

The five major biomes on Earth are aquatic, tundra, forest, desert and grassland. The most basic division of biomes is into aquatic and terrestrial or land. A biome is characterized as areas of the world that have similar temperature and weather patterns and also contain many similar or related species of animals.

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Many scientists believe that splitting the world into only five groups is simplifying things a bit too much and instead choose to further break down these major biomes into many smaller subgroups. For instance, some scientists split the forest biome into temperate forest, rainforest, taiga and chaparral, while others make a further distinction between deciduous and coniferous forests. Grasslands can also be divided up into savanna and temperate grasslands, while the aquatic biome needs to be split between marine and freshwater. Some scientists think further dividing is necessary for the aquatic biome, adding additional designations for into coral reefs, estuaries and freshwater wetlands biomes. Many also choose to list a separate alpine biome, as some of its characteristics do not fit into any of the five major biomes. However, it resembles the tundra in some aspects due to its low temperatures, but it also shares characteristics with other biomes.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the seven biomes?

    A:

    The seven biomes of Earth are water, rainforest, tundra, desert, taiga, deciduous forest and grassland. A biome is a large geographical area classified by its distinctive group of plants and animals adapted to the environment. A biome may go by a different name according to the continent on which it is found.

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  • Q:

    What is an example of parasitism in grassland biomes?

    A:

    One example of parasitism that occurs in grassland biomes involves the cowbird. This brood parasite lays its eggs in the nests of other bird species in the grasslands, resulting in the other species oftentimes hatching the eggs and even raising the young. The cowbird gets the benefit of passing its genes on to the next generation without having to go through the effort of raising it.

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  • Q:

    What are the different types of ecosystems?

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    An ecosystem refers to the living and non-living things that make up a specific location, such as a pond, forest, river grassland, desert or tundra. Ecosystems are often confused with biomes, which are regions of the world that share similar climate, plant and animal life.

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  • Q:

    What are the four main vegetation regions?

    A:

    The four main vegetation regions are forest, grassland, tundra and desert. Many scientists believe there are five classifications of vegetation regions, with the fifth one being ice sheet. This classification is often overlooked because Antarctica and Greenland are the only land masses on Earth that meet the requirements.

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