According to Elmhurst University, the five physical properties of matter are color, odor, shape, mass and texture. Other physical properties of matter relate to its freezing and boiling points, density and solubility.Know More
The physical properties of matter describe the appearance or composition of a substance that can be observed without making any changes to the matter. According to Texas A&M University, the properties of matter can be either intensive or extensive. Intensive properties include color, odor, hardness and density. Extensive physical properties include its mass, weight and volume.
Intensive physical properties are characteristics that don't change regardless of the amount of matter being observed. For instance, the hardness of a diamond remains the same even if it's cut in half. Extensive properties are properties that change when the amount of matter changes. According to the University of California, mass, volume and length are examples of physical properties that change when the amount of matter present changes.
Two examples of a physical change of matter are water freezing into ice and water boiling into steam. Although the physical properties of the water change in both of these examples, its molecular components remain the same, whether its in a solid, gas or liquid state.Learn more about Chemistry
Chemical changes within matter always use energy; physical changes sometimes use energy, though they use much less energy than chemical changes. Physical changes use energy to change the physical state of a substance. Chemical changes either release or absorb energy when changing a substance into a completely new one.Full Answer >
Xenon is the heaviest of the noble gases with a density of 5.84 grams per liter. It is colorless, odorless and tasteless. This nontoxic gas, while considered inert, forms compounds with oxygen and fluorine that are all toxic due to their strong oxidation potential. Exciting the gas in a vacuum tube using electricity causes a blue glow.Full Answer >
Octane is a colorless and odorless liquid. It is volatile, very flammable and burns in air. This burning gives off carbon dioxide and water. Octane is less dense than water and basically insoluble in water.Full Answer >
Aluminum is a silver-grey metal element with a density of 2.7 grams per cubic centimeter. While remaining ductile and malleable, aluminum has a high tensile strength. Solid at room temperatures, aluminum melts at 1,220.58 degrees Fahrenheit and boils at 4,566 degrees Fahrenheit.Full Answer >