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What is the formula for nitrogen?

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Quick Answer

Nitrogen is one of the base elements found on the periodic table and is designated by the chemical symbol N. In nature, two N atoms are generally found paired up to form an N2 molecule, which exists as a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.

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What is the formula for nitrogen?
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Nitrogen is atomic number 7, which means it is made up of 7 protons and 7 electrons. It is the most abundant element in the Earth's atmosphere, taking up around 78 percent by volume of dry air. The Random House Dictionary lists ammonia, cyanide, fertilizer, dyes and cooling agents as common substances made from nitrogen.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why is nitrogen important to life?

    A:

    Nitrogen is important to life because it comprises approximately 80 percent of the Earth's atmosphere and is present in all living things as a part of proteins and DNA, according to the Marine Biological Laboratory. Nitrogen is present in the amino acids that make up proteins. It is also essential to reproduction because it is present in the nucleic acids in genetic material, or DNA.

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  • Q:

    What is the temperature of liquid nitrogen?

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    Nitrogen is a liquid when it is cooled to a temperature between minus 346 degrees Fahrenheit and minus 320.44 degrees Fahrenheit. Liquid nitrogen resembles water when it boils, but when it is colder than minus 346 degrees, it turns into a solid.

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  • Q:

    What is the formula for nitrogen monoxide?

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    Nitrogen monoxide, also known as nitric oxide, is a colorless gas with the molecular formula NO. Its molar mass is 30.01 grams per mole, and it has a density of 1.34 grams per cubic decimeter. Its melting point is -263 degrees Fahrenheit, and its boiling point is -242 degrees Fahrenheit.

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  • Q:

    Is nitrogen diatomic?

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    Nitrogen is a diatomic element. There are six other diatomic elements: hydrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, iodine and bromine. Diatomic molecules only form when two atoms of the same element are bonded together with no other element.

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