The four major classes of organic compounds are nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates and proteins. These compounds are found in every living organism.Know More
An organic molecule is a molecule that contains hydrogen and carbon. The four major types of organic molecules are very large because they contain thousands of atoms of these two elements.
Nucleic acids carry genetic information, making them essential for the continuation of a species. RNA and DNA are examples of nucleic acids. Lipids are used for long-term energy storage and insulation and are also an essential component of the membranes found in living organisms. Fats and oils are common examples of lipids.
Carbohydrates serve as a source of energy in living things. Glucose, fructose and starch are just a few of the carbohydrates found in living organisms. Finally, different types of proteins have different functions. Structural proteins help the hair and skin maintain their structure, while proteins called enzymes speed up chemical reactions. The antibodies that help fight infection are also proteins.Learn more about Chemistry
Organic compounds contain carbon, and almost all organic compounds contain hydrogen, with many also comprised of additional atoms of nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur. Not all compounds that contain carbon, however, can be considered organic. Metallic alloys that contain carbon, such as steel for example, would not be universally considered organic, mainly because they are not involved in biological processes.Full Answer >
The four types of macromolecules, or very large molecules, are nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. All are biological polymers, except for lipids that, according to the University of New Mexico, are not considered to be made of monomers and thus are not polymers. Carbon is integral to all these types of molecules, with hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorous and oxygen also playing a role in several of them.Full Answer >
The four types of macromolecules are nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. These macromolecules are large molecules that make up most of the bodies of living things. They consist of chains of repeating units, which are known as polymers.Full Answer >
Covalent compounds include methane, carbon dioxide and water. A covalent bond is formed when electrons are shared between compounds, and electron pairs are created as a result.Full Answer >