A fox's bark is used to distinguish one fox from another, in the same way a human voice is used to tell two people apart. Foxes make a range of noises, including barks, screams, growls and howls. In the winter through spring seasons, during mating time, a fox will bark as a warning to other nearby male foxes to warn them from entering their territory.
The sound a fox makes varies between breeds. The red fox has a particular bark that comes off as a repeated rasp. Foxes are skilled hunters and as such they exhibit good communication techniques. Aside from hunting, the fox will communicate for breeding purposes. Female foxes, called vixens, will make a screaming sound as well, most likely to lure in males.
A fox living in the wild typically lives for 2 to 3 years, and can survive up to 10 years in some cases. There are about 25 species of foxes throughout the world, located on every continent except Antarctica. Fox hunting is a recreational activity in many countries, including Australia, Canada, and the United States.
The most common species in North America is the Vulpes vulpes, or the red fox. A red fox is recognized by its dog-like appearance, weighing approximately 7.7 to 15.4 pounds, with an auburn pelt, long bushy tail, upturned snout, and triangular ears. A fox will typically eat bird eggs, native fruits and smaller animals, such as rabbits or mice. They have also been known to hunt fawns, pigs and poultry as well.