Cellulose makes up most of the tough cell walls surrounding plant cells and enables plants to stand upright, according to Education Portal. It is the major component of plants that makes the branches, stems and leaves very strong.Know More
Cellulose is a valuable polysaccharide and the most abundant organic compound in the planet, notes Education Portal. All plants are composed of polysaccharides, which are large sugar molecules consisting of single sugar units. The four common polysaccharides are cellulose, chitin, glycogen and starch. Cellulose has a unique, rigid structure that serves an important function in plants. Its molecules are joined together using hydrogen bonds and are arranged parallel to one another, forming a long, cable-like structure that merges with other cellulose molecules. This creates the strong support structure that allows plants to stand upright.
Education Portal explains that the strength of cellulose makes it useful in various synthetic products, including plastics, fabrics, cosmetics, lotion and carpeting. Cellulose is also an essential component of paper, cotton fabric and lumber. Moreover, cellulose plays a key role in digestion, as it is an insoluble fiber that does not break down when passing through the digestive system. Insoluble fiber is important in a person's diet, because it allows the digestive tract to keep moving.Learn More
Plants are green because of a pigment called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs all colors of visible light except for green, which is reflected. Thus, the reflection of the green part of visible light is what causes plants to look green.Full Answer >
Plants need potassium for metabolic processes. Photosynthesis, protein synthesis and enzyme activation needed for plant growth and reproduction could not occur without potassium. Potassium affects many attributes of a plant, including taste, size and shape.Full Answer >
Plants grow fastest when they get the proper amount of light, water and soil. How a plant thrives is dependent on the species, whether they are placed inside or outside.Full Answer >
Plants either reproduce sexually or asexually, depending on the type of plant. In sexual reproduction, two germ cells, or gametes, fuse to create the beginning of a genetically unique offspring. In asexual reproduction, a plant cell splits in two to create a genetically identical offspring.Full Answer >